Psychology 222 week 4 notes
Psychology 222 week 4 notes Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality)
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsay Kennedy on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Hittner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at College of Charleston.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Psychology 222—Psychology of Personality Karen Horney—Basic Anxiety Profeminist thinker o Disputed concept of penis anxiety and castrate anxiety, etc. We want to keep basic anxiety at a minimum Factors that can increase basic anxiety o Rejecting or neglecting the child o Indifference; broken promises—the child wants the parent to care, affects trust Predictability is desired by us o Overprotection: denies the child the chance to practice and hone their skills to handle adversity or change o Hypercompetitiveness: a sweeping desire to compete and win The stress parents will experience can trickle down and affect the relationship with their kids o Patriarchal society: primary caregiver of young children is the mother and living in a patriarchal society can cause stress to the mother which can trickle down to the child Coping with basic anxiety o Seeking love and belongingness: this is all the child wants to feel protected o Quick fixes Bribing others Ex: if you guys let me join your group, then you can have my lunch money everyday Threatening others Ex: you better let me do what I want or I’m going to hold my breath until I turn blue Hostility; seeking vengeance—being a bully Seeking power/dominance Ex: maybe if people see me as powerful they will be scared of me and let me join their group o These strategies are either all or none; they work or they don’t work All or none way of thinking can get habituated into a person’s personality system o A coping mechanism may assume the character of a drive or need Neurotic Needs (all or none ways of thinking) o Need for affection or approval Ex: if not everybody loves me, then nobody loves me o Need for a perfect partner Either my partner is perfect or awful o Need for power Ex: if I’m not in control or completely powerful, then I’m a loser and make no difference o Need for excessive personal achievement If I don’t always get the best grade, etc, then I’m a loser o Need for perfection and unassailability Ex: if I’m not always perfect or I show any vulnerability, then I’m a loser and do nothing right o There are 10 neurotic needs, but we only went over 5 o Neurotic needs are unrealistic and irrational o Adults that show neurotic needs are based on the “tyranny of the should” Why should you??? o Idealized self is founded on unrealistic needs o Realself and idealself diverge We tend to feel better about ourselves when our realself and our idealself are closer together Modes of relating to people: basic orientations towards life o Moving toward other people: selfeffacing solution o Moving away from others: resignating solution o Moving against others: selfexpansive Seek dominance over others, aggressive to others, etc. o Healthy people balance the 3 o Unhealthy people use one strategy in exclusion of others or use them to the extreme Treatment o Systematic selfanalysis: Free association followed by reflection Don’t just spoonfeed association to client, but try to get the client to self reflect o Influenced mainstream cognitive psychotherapy Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive (behavioral) Therapy (RET/REBT) o We don’t want neurotic irrational thinking, instead we want to change thinking into a healthier more rational way of thinking and that will affect emotion and behavior o Irrational cognitive process Active event: Ex: loss of job Beliefs Ex: how horrible; I’m worthless Consequences Ex: depression, withdrawal Average order: C,A,B: A’s don’t have magical properties, it’s the B; how you react to the A Ex: everybody gets a 75% on a test; there will be very different responses to this A o Rational intervention Disputing intervention Ex: losing a job has nothing to do with my selfworth New Effective philosophy I’m okay. I won’t give up New Feelings It’s okay to feel frustrated. I won’t give up
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