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Psychology 222 week 4 notes

by: Lindsay Kennedy

Psychology 222 week 4 notes Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality)

Lindsay Kennedy
C of C

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About this Document

These notes cover Karen Horney.
Psychology of Personality
Dr. Hittner
Class Notes
Psychology, personalitypsychology, Horney, Karen Horney
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsay Kennedy on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Hittner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at College of Charleston.

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Date Created: 09/26/16
Psychology 222—Psychology of Personality Karen Horney—Basic Anxiety  Pro­feminist thinker o Disputed concept of penis anxiety and castrate anxiety, etc.  We want to keep basic anxiety at a minimum  Factors that can increase basic anxiety o Rejecting or neglecting the child o Indifference; broken promises—the child wants the parent to care, affects trust  Predictability is desired by us o Overprotection: denies the child the chance to practice and hone their skills to  handle adversity or change o Hyper­competitiveness: a sweeping desire to compete and win  The stress parents will experience can trickle down and affect the  relationship with their kids o Patriarchal society: primary caregiver of young children is the mother and living  in a patriarchal society can cause stress to the mother which can trickle down to  the child  Coping with basic anxiety o Seeking love and belongingness: this is all the child wants to feel protected o Quick fixes  Bribing others  Ex: if you guys let me join your group, then you can have my  lunch money everyday  Threatening others  Ex: you better let me do what I want or I’m going to hold my  breath until I turn blue  Hostility; seeking vengeance—being a bully  Seeking power/dominance  Ex: maybe if people see me as powerful they will be scared of me  and let me join their group o These strategies are either all or none; they work or they don’t work  All or none way of thinking can get habituated into a person’s personality  system o A coping mechanism may assume the character of a drive or need  Neurotic Needs (all or none ways of thinking) o Need for affection or approval  Ex: if not everybody loves me, then nobody loves me o Need for a perfect partner  Either my partner is perfect or awful o Need for power  Ex: if I’m not in control or completely powerful, then I’m a loser and  make no difference o Need for excessive personal achievement  If I don’t always get the best grade, etc, then I’m a loser o Need for perfection and unassailability  Ex: if I’m not always perfect or I show any vulnerability, then I’m a loser  and do nothing right o There are 10 neurotic needs, but we only went over 5 o Neurotic needs are unrealistic and irrational o Adults that show neurotic needs are based on the “tyranny of the should”  Why should you??? o Idealized self is founded on unrealistic needs o Real­self and ideal­self diverge  We tend to feel better about ourselves when our real­self and our ideal­self are closer together  Modes of relating to people: basic orientations towards life o Moving toward other people: self­effacing solution o Moving away from others: resignating solution o Moving against others: self­expansive  Seek dominance over others, aggressive to others, etc. o Healthy people balance the 3 o Unhealthy people use one strategy in exclusion of others or use them to the  extreme  Treatment o Systematic self­analysis: Free association followed by reflection  Don’t just spoon­feed association to client, but try to get the client to self­ reflect o Influenced mainstream cognitive psychotherapy  Albert Ellis’s Rational Emotive (behavioral) Therapy (RET/REBT) o We don’t want neurotic irrational thinking, instead we want to change thinking  into a healthier more rational way of thinking and that will affect emotion and  behavior o Irrational cognitive process  Active event:   Ex: loss of job  Beliefs  Ex: how horrible; I’m worthless  Consequences  Ex: depression, withdrawal  Average order: C,A,B: A’s don’t have magical properties, it’s the B; how  you react to the A  Ex: everybody gets a 75% on a test; there will be very different responses  to this A o Rational intervention  Disputing intervention  Ex: losing a job has nothing to do with my self­worth  New Effective philosophy  I’m okay. I won’t give up  New Feelings  It’s okay to feel frustrated. I won’t give up


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