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Mythology, Week 1 Notes

by: Julia Owens

Mythology, Week 1 Notes 2260

Marketplace > Troy University > CLA > 2260 > Mythology Week 1 Notes
Julia Owens
Troy University

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The beginning notes for the class.
Classical Mythology
Dr. Howard
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Owens on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2260 at Troy University taught by Dr. Howard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in CLA at Troy University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Classical Mythology 8/23/16 Definitions and Backgrounds (Read Chapter 1 and 2) I. What is a Myth? A.From the Greek word “mythos” meaning word/speech/story; a spoken story that is told 1.Simple definition of myth: a traditional story with collective importance II. Types of myth A.Divine myth/true myth: having to do with the gods/story about the gods B.Saga or legend C.Folktale III. Divine or true myth A.talking about the gods/supernatural creatures B.relationship between man and gods C.analogous to “science” – used by the Greek people to understand the world around them (“how did we get here?” D.often “etiological” – often trying to figure out the cause of things; causes, origins, explanatory IV. Saga or legend A.humans, usually aristocracy (kings, queens, lawyers, “fancy people”) B.rooted in fact C.analogous to “history” D.saga = “spoken” V. Folktale A.Ordinary humans and animals B.Universal experiences C.Fantastic adventures D.Fable = animals E.Fairytale = traditional, magical, moral VI. Myth and “truth” A.“Artists tell lies to reveal the truth, politicians tell lies to conceal the truth.” – V for Vendetta VII. Myth and religion A.“closely entwined” VIII. Greek sources A.Homer (epic): Iliad, Odyssey B.Homeric Hymns: poems about the various gods C.Hesiod: Theogony (the genealogy/lineage of the gods) D.Lyrics: Pindar (Greek poet, wrote a lot of poems that had mythological stories in them to celebrate the victors of the Olympic games), Bacchylides th E.Tragedy: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides (the three greats of the 15 century; wrote plays about mythological stories; creates a version of them) F. Comedy: Aristophanes G.Epic: Apollonius, Argonautica (the story of Jason and the Argonauts) IX. Roman sources A.Vergil (epic): Aeneid B.Ovid: Metamorphoses C.Short stories of transformation X.How are myths transmitted? A. Classical Mythology 8/23/16 Classical Mythology Chapter 1: Interpretation and Definition of Classical Mythology Definitions and Background -What is a myth?  Comes from the Greek word mythos meaning word, speech or story.  Definition of Myth is a traditional story with collective importance -Types of Myth  Divine myth, true myth: myth of the gods. Supernatural beings. Relationship between man and gods. Analogous to “science”. Often “etiological” (causes, origins, explanatory).  Saga or legend: Humans, usually aristocracy (King, Queen). Rooted in fact. Analogous to “history”. Saga= ”Spoken”  Folktales: Ordinary humans and animals. Universal experiences. Fantastic adventures. Fable = animals. Fairytale = traditional, magical, moral. -myth and religion  “closely entwined” -Greek Sources  Homer (epic): Iliad, Odyssey.  Homeric Hymns  Hesiod: Theogony  Lyric: Pindar, Bacchylides  Tragedy: Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides  Comedy: Aristophanes  Epic: Apollonius, Argonautica -Roman Sources  Vergil (epic): Aeneid  Ovid: Metamorphoses -How are myths transmitted?  Oral  Literature  Painting  Sculpture  Music  Dance  Drama  Cinema -Heinrich Schliemann  German Businessman  Found Troy -Sir Arthur Evans  Did work on Crete.  Found palace of Minos (Mythological king of Crete) -Bronze Age: 3000-1100 BC -Minoan Civilization  Named after Minos  Started in Crete  Ancient city was Cnossus (Knossos)  Crete was Thalassocracy (Control of the sea)  King Minos  Sir Arthur Evan discovered  Minotaur: half man half horse  Labyrinth: where they kept the minotaur and fed him children occasionally  Theseus: Kills minotaur  Minoan Pinnacle: 1600-1400 BC -Mycenaean Age  Mycenaean dominate Minoans, slowly.  Fortified palaces on mainland  1600-1100 BC  Call the shots until the fall of Troy  Mycenaean becomes Mycenae  Schliemann found -Trojan War  Asia Minor  Mycenaean came after Troy  Hellespont  Heinrich Schliemann  Probably a trade war  Hissarlik: Name of the hill Schliemann exuviated  Fall of Troy: 1184 BC  Troy VI: 1250 BC -Iron Age: 1100-ca. 800BC  “Dorian” Invasion  Dark age  Homer, Ca. 750 BC  Greek alphabet created -Age of Colonization: 800-600 BC  City states  Athens and Sparta  Parthenon: 438 BC -Hellenistic Age: 323-30 BC  323 BC: Alexander the Great’s Death  30 BC: Final defeat of Cleopatra -Rome  753 BC: Romulus and Remus  27 BC-14 AD: Age of Augustus 


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