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Journalism 110 Notes

by: kate_nagle

Journalism 110 Notes JOR 110

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About this Document

These notes cover the notes given in every class leading up to the first exam, a complete study guide.
Journalism 110
John Pantalone
Class Notes
journalism, mass, Media
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by kate_nagle on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JOR 110 at University of Rhode Island taught by John Pantalone in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.

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Date Created: 09/26/16
Journalism Notes Exam 1 Forms of Communication  Intrapersonal­ within oneself  Interpersonal­ between 2 persons  Group­ more than 2 persons  Mass­ utilizing a medium Mass Communication Channels  Books  Newspapers  Magazines  Radio  Tv  Film  Recorded music  The internet (media convergence o The internet takes all the old forms of media and converges them in one place  Mass communication takes place even if there is only one person because they are  USING A MEDIUM  Are news media businesses or a public service?  If you're going to participate in the first amendment, you should know what the hell  you're talking about  You become well informed by getting different viewpoints Sept 15 2016  Democracy will not function properly without the first amendment  The news media is supposed to inform people  How should the free press function?  Democracy requires informed citizenry  The news media exists to provide information and viewpoints to citizens  This is the Marketplace of Ideas: a free and open market of diverse opinion and sources  of information. It implies diverse ownership of media.   Disney owns ABC  Viacom owns CBS  Viacom owns MTV  Comcast owns NBC  News Corp owns Fox TV  A media conglomerate: a huge corporation made up of many other corporations in  multiple channels of media  Conglomerate ownership  All corporations just want to make money Traditional Media Economics/ Structure  Oligopoly: control of the media by a small number of large companies  Vertical Integration: media conglomerates control all aspects of products and revenue  they create  Media synergy: conglomerates use one  company they own to promote another  company they own Global Power of Media Conglomerates  Conglomerates like Time Warner, Disney, Viacom, etc, do business worldwide  Do Americans see much foreign media?  Cultural imperialism: some countries object to American media exports because they  believe it is an attempt to influence their traditional culture.  Who controls the media? Who has Hegemony? (authority/control/power)  Conglomerates  Advertisers  Government  Special interest groups  Sources for news stories  The audience/consumers  BIG CORPORATIONS DECIDE WHAT YOU KNOW AND SEE Participants in Communication  Sender creates messages  Receiver accepts messages and engages in Feedback   Gatekeeper reviews and filters messages (stops or alters them) o Editor at a newspaper  Feedback: receiver responds directly to sender Linear Model of Mass Communication 1. Stimulation­ sender has idea 1. Writing a script b. Encoding­ sender forms message 1. Making a movie b. Transmission­ sender delivers it 1. Movie goes into theatres b. Decoding­ receiver translates it 1. Movie is watched by receiver b. Reception­ completed decoding fully 1. Movie is completed Interference with the message  Noise o Literal: actual noise o Semantic (language problems)  Receiver cannot understand the language used in the message Selectivity vs Passivity  Selective perception­ filters influence how you interpret messages  Selective exposure­ people tend to chose messages that reinforce what they already  think and believe  Selective retention­ people tend to remember only messages or parts of messages they  strongly agree or strongly disagree with  FILTERS ARE ALWAYS THE ANSWER Theories about effects of media  Hypodermic needle theory o Direct, powerful effects o Hypodermic needle goes directly into you and has an immediate effect, like  media  Cultivation analysis­ mean world syndrome  Propaganda and persuasion­ media can be used to sway or direct public opinion  Children and elderly influenced by TV Propaganda can have a significant influence on opinions  Nazi propaganda is best example


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