PSC 41 Week 1 Notes
PSC 41 Week 1 Notes PSC 41
Popular in Research Methods in Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Dillard on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 41 at University of California - Davis taught by Dr. Cross in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychology in Psychology at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
9/21/16 Dr. Victoria Cross firstname.lastname@example.org Research Methods in Psychology • http://canvas.ucdavis.edu • required: • research methods in psychology: evaluation a world of information 2nd edition • clicker • final grades are NOT CURVED • exams 60% (3 midterms & optional cumulative final) 40 MC questions (need scantron) and written part • • cheat sheet on each exam single paper 8.5x11 front and back (put name and ID on it) can bring all 3 cheat sheets for final • worksheets 30% (will be on canvas, only 1 submission is accepted) • lowest grade will be dropped, no late worksheets will be accepted • 2 sets of video worksheets on canvas under syllabus • clickers 5% (clicker grade will be recorded each day based on participation, lowest 2 days will be dropped) • 2% added to final grade if all extra credit is earned (based on performance) • syllabus FAQ worksheet due next week • textbook chapter quizzes due before the exam 6 experimental subject pool credits required, see “participation letter” on canvas, sona system Wednesday class before thanksgiving is CANCELLED 9/21/16 Lecture 1 How do we know things? • humans gather and organize info to generate theories about the world Ways to acquire knowledge • intuition, authority, empiricism, rationalism, scientific knowledge • Scientific Knowledge • describes relationships between variables • is objective • based on rationalism and empiricism (Theory-Data Cycle) • people adjust their theories throughout life start with a hypothesis 1 • • collect data • revise and create hypothesis 2 • more data • Theories • Trephining—the practice of drilling or chiseling holes into the skull • some animals experience seizures • cave paintings from Neolithic times indicate that people believed evil spirits were in the skull and they drilled holes into the skull to release them • this practice continued throughout the MiddleAges into the Renaissance • Phrenology—perhaps the brain is the primary control center fro the body and personality • belief that we could see what type of person you are by looking at brain volume and the shape of the skull continued into the 1800s • Autism—many autistic children don’t show clear signs until around 18 months • perhaps it is caused by the MMR vaccine (belief was cause by a coincidence and false data) Goals of Research in Psychology • Describe Behavior (frequency claims) • Predict Behavior (association claims) • Explain Behavior (causal claims)