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Introductory Class

by: Brigette Notetaker

Introductory Class 1

Brigette Notetaker

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Notes on the first day following the syllabus
Phil 1- Short Intro to Phil
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brigette Notetaker on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1 at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Zylstra in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Phil 1- Short Intro to Phil in Philosophy at University of California Santa Barbara.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Where does the term philosophy come from :Lifted out of greek and put into english- philos + sophia Socrates used this term to describe his work (469-399 BCE) “Sophists” sources of wisdom Socrates skeptical of “Sophists”- their claims to wisdom is self-inflated Soc didn’t have wisdom, he’s a philosopher- lover of wisdom -He was always seeking wisdom- thinks that’s what philosophy is all about Socratic method- ask question Philosophy = inquiry- seeking wisdom as opposed to thinking you already have it Philosophical question? How can we be sure that what we think we know is the truth? Is it possible to continue to exist after death? The existence of greater authority? Are the colors that I see the same that others see? Philosophy: giving answers to life’s deepest questions? Philosophy is “the ungainly attempt to tackle questions that come naturally to children, using methods that come naturally to lawyers” (David Hills) Logical Toolkit Argument An attempt to give reasons for holding a certain position Conclusion The position you want to hold Premise(s) The reasons that you give for holding the conclusion Validity and Soundness An argument is valid if its conclusion follows from its premises -If the premises is true, then the conclusion must also be true 1. All alligators are crocodilians 2. Suzy is an alligator 3. Therefore, Suzy is a crocodilian 1. All alligators are crocodilians 2. Suzy is a crocodilian 3. Therefore, Suzy is an alligator (crossed out- incorrect) ● An argument is sound if: ○ It is valid; and ○ All its premises are true 1. Life has meaning only if God exists 2. God does not exist 3. Therefore, life does not have meaning People who believe in God will claim this to be invalid Some people may argue #1, that life can have meaning without a God


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