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Psychology and Religion, week 1

by: Elyse Villanueva

Psychology and Religion, week 1 Psych 80A

Elyse Villanueva
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About this Document

These notes cover human needs, ethnocentrism, religious experiences, and the readings.
Psych and Religion
Class Notes
psych, religion




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elyse Villanueva on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 80A at University of California - Santa Cruz taught by Quinn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Psych and Religion in Social Science at University of California - Santa Cruz.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
September 22 ­Leo, Seekers. There are times where we need guides to show us the way( Journey to the East) ­To seek= sagire: to perceive keenly. ­Journey=dropping down into our own deep selves. ­small but significant shift in how we see reality is the real journey. ­namaste= to greet the god that dwells in you ­ When greeting it means iI see the wonderful, big healthy you. September 27 ­The idea of the holy:an inquiry into the non rational factor in the idea of divine by R.  Otto( German theologian) ­Religion is a fascinating mystery when it is alive. ­the mystery of the truly religious is the wholly other. ­wholly other means completely different. ­The experience of the numinous(filled with a sense of the presence of the divine) ­the truly mysterious object is beyond our apprehension and comprehension. ­when you experience something amazing, you will recoil in a wonder that strikes us chill and  numb. ­the essence of religion is mysterium tremendum et fascinans. ­” the tremendous and fascinating mystery” ­ experiences may wash over you like a peaceful tide or burst in a sudden eruption in an  intoxicating frenzy that may lead to ecstasy or horror. ­The secret bat cave in Bali is one of  nine most sacred temples in Bali of thousands. It is  covered in bat guano and in the center of the cave is a python. Terrifying, dark experience. ­The truly mysterious may erupt from our souls. ­China Galland­ Longing for Darkness ­There must be both light and dark in an authentic religious experience. ­journeys of transformation always involve the leaving of the familiar. ­If you survive the journey through darkness and temptation there is a chance of rebirth and  reconnection. ­religion=re­ligio=relinking ­Carl Jung­ darkness is essential part of spiritual alchemy( transformation into gold) ­We all have a bat cave inside us, where our demons and darkness lie. ­ to say one is longing for darkness is saying we are longing for transformation. ­Jung­ come into our deep selves. ­Your big healthy self sometimes gets hidden by your bat cave. ­life is contacting that deep place within. September 29 ­Early 1900s William G. Sumner: in group and out group and ethnocentrism ­DT Campbell elaborated ethnocentrism and turned into psychological ­ethnocentrism: view of things in which one's own group is the center of everything. ­ethnocentrism is universal ­ group nourishes its own pride and will boast of it’s own superiority. ­in group: group one belongs to ­out group: opposing group ­ examples: democratic party and republican party ( ingroup and outgroup depend on point of  view) ­ The group will exalt its own gods and will look with contempt on outsiders. ­ethnocentrism leads groups to exaggerate and intensify ­ingroups form quickly ­ seven characteristics of ingroups: ­as a member you see both yourself and group as both virtuous and superior ( outgroup is  inferior) ­you see your standards, values, and morals as true (outgroups values are false) ­tend to feel distrust, fear, and hatred for outgroup ­will blame outgroup for any and all troubles ­very strong tendency towards obedience to ingroup authority ­ingroup members will have blind loyalty and solidarity towards group ­ In extreme, there is a willingness to fight and even die for ingroup ­we look for a tribe: people who are like us ­not all groups become ethnocentrism, some groups practice tolerance and openness. ­you know you are in an ingroup if you look down upon another group. ­somebody’s outgroup is someone’s ingroup. ­when a team loses domestic violence rises ­rise of ethnocentrism today is apparent ­the new world order: our need to be in a group may be in our biology ­there are powerful mechanisms in group identification, its not unreasonable to entertain natural  selection acted upon. ­thousands of years ago, being in a pack meant enhancing survival ­first level human needs are safety ­when we feel insecure the first thing we think of is how to get our security back ­our next level of needs is our need for belongingness ­people need something supra­individual(greater than the individual) to devote themselves to ­we live in a culture that provides vague answers to our questions ­the answers that are given are not working for most of us ­we have been given so many answers through science, capitalism, communism, ect but it isn't  truly answering our questions ­when something comes along and provides easy answers, ethnocentrism forms ­­Jung says this is denial of reality and projection of what we don’t want to see in ourselves in  the out group. ­we are all susceptible to ingroup and outgroup ­ we can do better by practicing respect, tolerance, and forgiveness.


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