ANTHRO 33 - Lecture 1 (9/22/16)
ANTHRO 33 - Lecture 1 (9/22/16) ANTHRO 33
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Viola You on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 33 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by E. A. Cartmill in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Culture and Communication in Anthropology at University of California - Los Angeles.
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What is Karma?
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Date Created: 09/26/16
What is language? ● Means of communication ● Representational system ● System of rules and structures ● Vehicle for thinking ● Form of personal and cultural identity ● History of a people or way of thinking We will take these positions: ● Language as it is used (not as we think it should be) ● Language =/= speech ● Language is not static ● Language involves both culture and biology Language is constantly changing ● Language carry history and contact with other humans Does the format we use to communicate impact our language? ● I.e. gestures and then doing a skype call lesser gestures How does language mark identity and belonging? ● Unspoken rules, built on assumptions Studying language “in the real world” is challenging ● It’s hard to study when you also have to refer to how they use it on a regular basis, people make conscious choices that best fit their unconscious understanding of the interaction they are in Some features of language ● Phonology (speech sounds) ● Morphology (how word is made) ● Syntax (rules of putting words together) ● Semantics (what does sentence or grouping of words mean) ● Pragmatics (meaning not only based in the words themselves) ● Discourse structure (pauses) ● Ideology (what does language mean to people, how they identify) ● Gestures Example: speech sounds and phonology ● Phoneme smallest unit of sound that affects meaning ○ Change of one sound changes meaning of the word ○ I.e. pat vs bat, barn vs darn, caps vs edges Recording differences in language ● How you say it, inflections, emphasis Example: Where does gesture fit? ● Gesture is part of the structure of language ● Can replace words and concepts ● I.e. “it” is underspecified but pointing tells you what “it” is Gesture is part of practice of language ● Demonstrates assessment of interaction Describing words isn’t enough ● “Oh my godddd” How can we study language? ● Gathering data ○ What language? ○ What participants? ○ What sample? ○ What to gather? ■ audio , video, written texts, field notes, questionnaires, experiments ● How does observing language change it? ○ Not a fly on the wall Midterm (10/25) Final (12/6) Weekly online responses (~200 words)