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GEOG 1010 Europe 2

by: Ashleigh McClure

GEOG 1010 Europe 2 GEOG 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > Geography > GEOG 1010 > GEOG 1010 Europe 2
Ashleigh McClure

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Europe 2 Lecture Notes taken on the day of: Friday, September 23, 2016 Concepts: -Supranationalism -EU -Devolution -Regions -
Global Geography
Dr. Jim Norwood
Class Notes
#geog1010, #Geography1010, #Geography, #norwood, #jimnorwood, #auburn, #auburnuniversity, #AU
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh McClure on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Jim Norwood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Europe2 9/21/16 10:29 AM • What does the future hold for Europe? ○ Unification? ○ Instability? • Supranationalism ○ A venture involvit hree or more states ○ Political, economic, and or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives ○ European supranationalism started with the 1944 econBenelux Agreement § An economic union between elgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg • History of European Supranationalism ○ 1947: Marshall Plan ○ 1948: Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) ○ 1949: Council of Europe ○ 1951: European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) ○ 1958: European Economic Community (EEC) effect ○ 1959: European Free Trade Agreement (EFTA) ○ 1964: EEC/ ESC/EURATOM combined Why would anyone want to give away international autonomy, one of the mostsought-aftergoals of the past century? ○ • European Union (EU) ○ Established: February 7, 1992 Effective: November 1, 1993 ○ ○ Aimed to coordinate policy among the members in 3 areas § Economics § Defense § Justice and home affairs ○ 12 Members § Belgium § Denmark § France § Germany § Greece § Ireland § Italy § Luxembourg § Netherlands § Portugal § Spain § UK • European Union 2016 Members ○ Austria ○ Belgium ○ Bulgaria Cyprus ○ ○ Czech Republic ○ Denmark ○ Estonia ○ Finland ○ France ○ Germany ○ Greece ○ Hungary Ireland ○ ○ Italy ○ Latvia ○ Lithuania ○ Luxembourg ○ Malta ○ Netherlands ○ Poland ○ Portugal ○ Romania ○ Slovakia ○ Slovenia ○ Spain ○ Sweden ○ United Kingdom ○ Croatia • Euro Currency ○ Each country used to have it's own currency § High transaction costs ○ Today 15/28 EU Members participate in the Euro currency § Notable Exceptions § UK- pounds § Denmark- krones § Sweden-kronas • Devolution ○ The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the cent ral government § Examples § Scotland and Wales in the UK § Linguistic and cultural differences in Belgium § Map of Devolution on test** • European Regions ○ Western ○ British Isles ○ Northern ○ Mediterranean ○ Eastern • Germany ○ Divided into Communist East and Democratic West until the Berlin Wall fall in 1989 ○ Today a unified federal republic ○ Regional disparities continue between East and West • France ○ Retains central role in Europe ○ Political divisions ○ Paris- classic climate city ○ Social issues with immigrant integration • Benelux Countries ○ Netherlands ○ Belgium § North- Flemish § South- French (Walloon) ○ Luxembourg • Alpine States ○ Austria ○ Switzerland ○ Liechtenstein (microstate) ○ All are la-locked, mountainous, well-off. • British Isles ○ UK § England § Scotland § Wales § Northern Ireland ○ Ireland • Northern (Nordic) Europe ○ Scandinavia § Norway § Sweden § Denmark ○ Finland ○ Iceland Estonia ○ § Baltic Republic § Was apart of the USSR


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