Famine, Affluence, and Morality - Peter Singer
Famine, Affluence, and Morality - Peter Singer Phil 2010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by D'Angel Brooks on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 2010 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Edward Cox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Famine, Affluence, and Morality – Peter Singer *All based on equality* Occurred in East Bengal in November 1971, after the Civil War Humans can help with the poverty problem, but they haven't made the best decisions – they haven't responded. The British government values materialistic things over the refugees and Australia -India is stuck between letting refugees starve or cutting funds from development program: which will lead to more people starving later on There are many parts of the world where people die from malnutrition - Singer used Bengal as an example because its present and has publicity, so governments can't claim that they don’t know about the issue "I shall argue that the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation like that in Bengal cannot be justified; indeed, the whole way we look at moral issues – our moral conceptual scheme – needs to be altered, and with it, the way of life that has come to be taken for granted in our society." - Peter Singer "I shall, however; try to argue for the moral position that I take, so that anyone who accepts certain assumptions, to be made explicit, will, I hope, accept my conclusion."- Peter Singer Singer believes that we should prevent something from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything morally significant. But we cannot discriminate against people who are farther away from us than people who are close to us. Everyone should be equally involved. "The charitable man may be praised, but the man who is not charitable is not condemned." - Peter Singer Instead of buying materialistic things, we should give money to charities. "Most people reserve their moral condemnation for those who violate some moral norm, such as a norm against taking another person's property." - Peter Singer Don't condemn people who buy luxuries instead of giving to the needy. "It is quite inessential, however, to help people outside one's own society." - Peter Singer Singer believes we must look beyond the interests of our own society. Sidgwick – Urmson - believes there must be a set moral code Objection: It takes insufficient amount of the effect that moral standards can have on the decisions we make . -Believes that private-run charities allows governments to escape their responsibilities. People have the idea that the government has the responsibility of feeding the refugees. Reason against- Effective population control, relieving famine merely postpones starvation. "The best means of preventing famine, in the long run, is population control." Question- How much each person should give away Options- Orthodox method OR population control - decision must be acted upon
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