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Wednesday, week 6 notes

by: Jon Connor Davis

Wednesday, week 6 notes 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > 1010 > Wednesday week 6 notes
Jon Connor Davis

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These notes cover the reach of each early empire and how it fell
World History 1
Daren Ray
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jon Connor Davis on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daren Ray in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
The Limits of Landed Empires Wednesday, September 14, 2016 2:01 PM Definitiontoknow Big idea Importantperson/thing OverExtension,continuity,anddiversity I. Learningobjectives: a. Illustratechallengesofover-extension,continuity,anddiversityusingexamplesfromEurope and East Asia b. Explainwhysomeideologies,institutions,andtraditionsoutlivedthestatesthatdiffused them c. What legaciesdidtheAxialAgeleavebehind? II. Limitsoflandedempires a. Overextension i. What limitstheeffectiverangeofanempire? ii. What wouldlimititscapacitytoexpandmore? b. Continuity i. How longcan an empireendure? ii. How havestatesmanagedsuccession? c. Diversity=varietyofcultureswithinasociety i. How havestatesresolvedsocialinequality? ii. How havetheymanagedculturaldiversity? III. Why didthePersianempirefall? a. Ecologicalfactors i. Populationexpansion>Environmentaldegradation b. Structuralfactors i. Politicalambitionsofregionalleaders(satraps) ii. Weakpromotionofstateideology(Zoroastrianism) iii. Continuousexpansionneededtosustainthemilitary c. Politicalfactors i. Dumbluck ofAlexandertheGreat ii. MilitarygeniusofAlexandertheGreat AlexandertheGreatconqueredPersiain334BC IV. RomanDeclineandcollapse a. Causeofdecline:250-500 AD i. Sprawlingsize,longvulnerablelandfrontier ii. HostilerelationswithParthianandSasanianempiresinEastexhaustsresources iii. AfterJuliusCaesar,successiondecidedbypoliticizedarmies. b. Problemofdiversity i. Monolingualism:apolicyofspeakingorpromotingasingle language ii. Romeneverenforcedthis iii. But: 1. Massiveslavesociety 2. Distinguishedbetweencitizensandsubjects 3. Increasingdistinctionsbetweenrichandpoor 4. Increasingpersecutedofreligioussectsex:Christianity c. Migrants overwhelmRomanwillingnesstoassimilate i. Assimilate:tomakethesame,inotherwords,to acceptmigrantsand teachthemthe localculture. ii. Invaders:Huns,visigoths,Anglo-Saxons,Franks,Vandalsetc. d. Germanmigrants: i. Invaders,Immigrants,orRefugees? ii. Pushedbywar,hunger,plague,cold iii. Romeadmitted200,000 Visigothsintotheirborders,butdidn'tassimilatethem V. Romerelocatesbeforefalling a. EmperorConstantinemovescapitaltoAsiaMinorin323 AD i. Can no longerdefendWesternRome b. EasternRome= Byzantium c. JustiniantriedtorebuildtheRomanempire VI. Rome'slegacy a. Romanand Germaniccultureblend i. RomanLaw ii. Christianity iii. Romanmilitarypractices b. Spreadaroundtheglobeby Europeanempiresoverthenext1500years i. Ex: Napolean,Hitler. VII. ImperialChina a. Strengths i. Roughlycircularempire,canalsandroadseasemilitarymovements ii. Chineseassimilatepastoralistwarriors iii. Stronginternaleconomy iv. Positivebalanceoftrade v. No empiresnearbytocompetewith b. Weaknesses i. Uncertainsuccessionofleadership ii. Feudingimperialfactions/reliance oneunuchs 1. Eunuchs:a manwho hasbeencastrated iii. Independentaristocracyoflandholdingpeasants iv. WarlordsdividenorthernChina v. Constantraidsfrom PastoralistsintheSteppelands c. ProblemofDiversity i. Differentlegalrightsandprivilegesforeachof21 socialstatuses ii. DiscontentexpressedinrebellionsledbyDaoists iii. Daoists:generalideaofDaoismistoavoidpoliticalconfrontations iv. Regardedmerchantsasa parasiteonsociety-mistrustedcommerce d. SuiRecovery i. Yang Jianand Yangdirecoveredthisempire e. Tang Consolidation i. Li Yuan leadsarebellionagainsttheSiu ii. Taizongisnext iii. EmpressWu seizesthethronefromhim VIII. Teotihuacan a. Mesoamericanempire b. Fewresources=militarysolution c. Exporttheirideology(evidenceinMayanart) d. CivilWar? i. Largerresidentialcompoundsinthecapitalsuggestseveresocialdivisions. IX. In sum a. Liketheempirethatprecededthem,Axialageempireseventuallysuccumbedtothe challengesofover-extension


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