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Friday, Week 6 Notes

by: Jon Connor Davis

Friday, Week 6 Notes 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > 1010 > Friday Week 6 Notes
Jon Connor Davis

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These notes begin our unit on Post-Classical Alternatives to Empires
World History 1
Daren Ray
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jon Connor Davis on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daren Ray in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
WorldReligions andLocal Traditions Friday,September 23, 2016 2:11 PM Definitiontoknow Big idea Importantperson/thing I. Learningobjectives a. Why didChristianity,Islam,andBuddhismdiffusewidelyunlikeothers? b. Identifythehomelandsofthebig3 religions c. Distinguishtheirmajorfeatures d. Giveexamplesofhowwar,patronagemissions,andtradecatalyzedthediffusionofthe3 worldreligions II. Religiousexpansions a. Buddhistexpansions i. Korea,kingdomsofsillaandKurgayo ii. Japan-Yuryako 1. PrinceShotokufirstroyalpatronofBuddhism iii. Tibet b. Christianexpansions i. Slavicexpansion ii. Bulgerexpansion iii. Ethiopianconsolidation c. Islamicexpansions i. Arab expanisons d. Japan:the Yamamotostate i. InspiredbyChinesemodelsofarchitecture,andwrittenlanguage. ii. Statephilosophies 1. Confucianism,butemperorisdivineking 2. Buddhism,mixedwithShinto e. Axum/Aksum i. Ethiopia ii. Port ofAdulisonthesea,defensiblehighlands iii. Aksumisthecapitalcity iv. Christianitywasusedtostrengthentheunityofthestate. *An exception:EarlyIslamicCaliphatesrejectChristianityandthe"Empire"mentality. III. CoreBeliefs a. Buddhism i. GautamaSiddhartaachievednirvanaandotherscantoo ii. Desireisthecauseof suffering iii. Thetripitaka,variousSutrasare thereligioustexts iv. Basicpractice/ritual:Eightfoldpath,meditation,pilgramage v. Clergy:Monks b. Christianity i. JesusofNazarethistheson ofGod and thesaviorof theworld ii. Sinis thecauseof suffering iii. Bibleisthereligioustext iv. BasicPractice:Baptism,communion,Eucharist v. Clergy:Priests,Monks c. Islam i. Thereisno god butallahand muhammedishisprophet ii. Disobediencetogodisthecauseof suffering iii. TheQuran is thereligioustext iv. 5 PillarsofIslam: 1. Witness 2. CommunalPrayer 3. Alms 4. Fasting 5. Pilgrimage v. No formalclergy,but 1. Imam=prayerleader 2. Ulama=religiousscholars IV. MajorTraditionsinBuddhism a. Theravada i. Indianinfluence ii. Buddhahoodisachievedovermultiplegenerations(Reincarnation) b. Mahayana i. Chineseinfluence ii. Buddhahoodcanbe achievedinonelifetime c. Syncretism:blendingorsynchronizingofbeliefsandpracticesoftwodifferentreligions. d. BuddhismisestablishedalongtheSilkRoads V. How didChristianitygetitsstartinRome a. JesusofNazarethcrucifiedaroung33AD b. DisciplesconvertmanyJews c. Most earlyconvertsfrompoorersegmentsofsociety d. Christianpatronage i. Constantine,in321ADsawa visionofacross, embracedthe"Lord ofHosts" as his deity,butstillruledasasemi-divinesunkinghimself ii. 395 AD,TheodosiusmakesChristianitythestatereligion iii. Bishopsbecomeagentsofthestate iv. Monasteriesattractyoungelites v. Classicalphilosophyreconcilesseemingcontradictionsinscripture e. Majorand minortraditions i. Catholic(Western) ii. Orthodox(Eastern) iii. Nestorians(minor) VI. OriginsofIslam a. Quran=Recitations b. Muhammadreportsthat Angel GabrielrecitedtheQur'antoHim c. Muhammadmigratesto Media i. Escapespersecution d. MuhammaddeclaresjihadonMedinato protectfollowers e. ReturnstriumphanttoMecca f. Afterhisdeath,hissuccessioncreatescivilwarsandthemajorpolitical/religiousdivisionsin Islamthat existtoday. g. Majorand minortraditions i. Kharaji-caliphshouldbethemostrighteous ii. Sunni-caliphshouldbechosenbyconsensus iii. Shi'a-caliphshouldbearighteousdescendantofMuhammad'slineage iv. Sufi-mystical/esotericschoolsinIslam 1. Caliph-literallymeans"successor"titletakenbytheleaderoftheMuslimumma (community) VII. Flexibility a. These3religionsweresowidespreadbecausetheywereflexible b. Example: i. ChristianSaints ii. Buddhistbuddhasorbodhisattvas iii. Muslimjinn c. How these3aroseto becomeworldreligions: i. A generalappealtoallpeople ii. Transcendedassociationwithlocalgroups iii. Sponsoredbypowerfulelites iv. Sacredtextsenabledspreadthrutradeandmissions v. Relativelyuncompromising,claimspecialaccesstoGod'struth in competitionwith othertraditions


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