Monday, Week 7 notes
Popular in World History 1
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jon Connor Davis on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1010 at Auburn University taught by Daren Ray in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Caliphatesand Kingdomsin a Fractured Continent Friday,September 23, 2016 2:51 PM Definitiontoknow Big Idea ImportantPerson/thing I. Learningobjectives: a. Giveexamplesofhowwar,patronage,trade,andmissionariescatalyzedthediffusionofthe 3 worldreligions b. Defineandgiveexamplesofinternalcolonizationandstatesystem c. IdentifymajorrulersandtheirstatesorpeopleintheIslamicworldandChristendom between600and1200 AD d. How didthepeoplesofEurasiaorganizetheirstatesafterthe falloftheAxialAgeEmpires? II. Catalystsforconversion: a. War i. IslamicEmpire 1. Jihad:waras areligiousduty 2. TheMuslimwarof Successionoccurs(fordetailslookatslidesoncanvas) a. Sunniwerethewinners b. Shi'awerethelosers(partyofAli) ii. FollowingCaliphates 1. Umayyads662-750 a. ConqueredlandfortheMuslimempire b. PrivilegedArab-Muslimsovernon Arab-muslims 2. AbbasidCaliphate750-940 AD a. PushedtheUmayyadsto Spain 3. FatimidCaliphate900-1200 AD 4. Almoravids1040-1147 a. OvertooktheUmayyadCaliphate iii. HolyRoman Empire 1. HolyWar intheserviceofthechurch b. Patronage i. IslamicEmpire 1. After940, SeljukTurksfromtheSteppe-landstakepoliticalcontrol c. Trade i. WesternEurope:OnthemarginswithFewresources 1. Favormilitarysolutionstoopenuptrade 2. Mediterraneantradenetworks 3. NewnortherntradenetworksconnectwithVolgaRiverTradetothe Rusin Novgorod 4. But no accessto Asiantrade ii. ExchangeofGoods >exchangeofideas 1. BuddhismtoEast AsiaalongtheSilkRoute 2. IslamintoWestAfricaalongthe Saharancaravan trade routes 3. IslamintoIndianOceanalongtheMonsoonwinds 4. Samereligionincreasestrustamongmerchants iii. Trade inIslamicworld 1. CaliphateconquestsbringIndianOceancropsinland a. Ex: rice,citrus,sugar,etc. 2. Islamicgovernmentssponsoragronomyresearch 3. Agronomy:studyofgrowingfood/ agriculturaleconomy d. Missionaries i. Asceticism>Monasticism ii. Monks as missionaries 1. BuddhistmonkstoChina 2. ChristianmonksinBritishIslesandSilkRoads 3. SufisaintsinNorthAfrica 4. Asceticism:strictrejectionofbodilydesires,includingfood,sex,evensleep, 5. Monasticism:livinginacommunitywhosememberstakevowsofreligious purity iii. In faceof externalmilitarypressure,statesbegintosettleinternalfrontierswith missionaries: iv. Consequence: 1. Rulersrelyonreligiousalliestospearheadcolonization 2. Religiousinfluenceemphasized"trueconversion"ofentirepopulation III. CommonalitiesbetweenCaliphatesandKingdoms a. Statesystem b. Recognizetitularheadofthereligion i. Pope ii. Caliph c. Trade crossespoliticalboundarieswithinthestatesystem d. Patronizemonksandholymentoexpandborders e. In Sum i. Transitionfromempirestoastate system ii. Evenlymatchedcompetitionspursinternalcolonization
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