Weeks 4-6 In-class Notes
Weeks 4-6 In-class Notes Psych 317
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Popular in Psychology
This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessika Francis on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 317 at Ball State University taught by Kim Brown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in Psychology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
PSYS 317 16 SEPT 2016 “Everything that irritates us about others can lead us to an understanding of ourselves.” –Carl Jung Personality is the process of coming to an understanding of your Archetpes (collective uncons), your Experiences (personal uncons), and your Ego (cons) through crisis and struggle. “Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes” – Carl Jung Carl Gustav Jung 1875-1961 o What happens when you’re little matters, but also what you wish for and what you dream about for the future. You have to get there (understanding of yourself) thru some type of a crisis, mental break Biographical Info: o Father (Paul) was a pastor o Mother (Emilie) prob. Seriously mentally ill o 4 child/ only surviving 1 sister 9yrs later lonely/odd/ wooden doll at 7 or 8yrs st Fainting spells/1 neurosis o 1900 medical school/ Bleuler (term schizophrenia) o 1903 married Emma (pretty rich girl); quit the hospital 5 children mul. Affairs o 1907 S. Freud Sent him word association test Talked for 12 hrs/ cliqued Wednesday night psychoanalytic group 6yrs worked closely together o 1913 parted with Freud o Psychotic Break at 38 yrs. Analytical Psychology (vs psychoanalytic) o Vocabulary: Libido Psyche Theory of opposites: Every thought or wish we have has an opposite that creates tension or a pull. (eating a bagel or never eating again) Theory of equivalence: Energy is never lost, it goes someplace else (instead of eating, studying for a test) Theory of entropy: Always a balance of energy; strong in some areas so weak in others. Phylogenetic: Inherited response of species Structure of the Personality o Ego Attitudes Where does energy go? o Introversion/extroversion 2 Psychological functions Non-logical (how do you process info) vs Logical (how you make decisions) o Sensing o Intuiting o Thinking o Feeling 8 Psychological (personality) Types o Personal unconscious Complexes: Themes (money, or food, or relationships) Memories Lots of action between ego and unconscious o Collective unconscious Archetype Minors Majors 3 Personality PSYS 21 SEPT 2016 In a nutshell: o Personality is the style of life that develops from inferiority issues, fictional finalism, social interest capacity and your birth order. o “The only normal people are the one’s you don’t know very well.” – Alfred W. Adler 1870-1937; “Individual Psychology” Biographical Info: o 1870-1937 o 2 ndof 7 children (Leopold-father, grain merchant) Mother Pauline o Very ill as a child Felt rejected by mom but favored by father Younger brother died right next to him of diphtheria o Medical school Original goal was to be ophthalmologist o Marries Raissa 1898 Worked as a GP (general practitioner) Office down the street from circus (most of his patients) 4 children: 3 daughters, 1 son Valentine, Alexandra, Nelly (Cornelia), Kurt o 1902: joins Freud’s Psychoanalytic group W nights human behavior left in 1911 o 1912: founded “Society for Individualistic Psychology” o 1929: Immigrated to US o 1937: died of heart attack while on a speaking tour in Scotland o 2009: found his cremated ashes and returned them to Vienna Personality Premise: Unique, Social, Conscious o We are born with inferior feelings. o These inferior feelings are a universal source of motivation. o We either compensate for them or get an inferiority complex. We have 2 goals in life: o Overcome Inferiority o Strive for superiority (perfection/ completeness/ wholeness) Personality Structure: o Inferiority (begins in infancy): Overcome or develop complex Inferiority complex: Undercompensate Organic inferiority: biologically Spoiled: Perception that difficulties are personal issues o Married at first sight, season 4 episode 9 2 Neglect: “What is wrong with us that our parents aren’t meeting our basic needs.” Superiority complex: Overcompensate, “I’m better than you” o Striving for Superiority Supe: Latin root of Perfect: whole or complete Fictional Finalism: say to self “I will know I’m grown in the world when…” o Style of life (set age 4/5): approach we use to compensate for inferiorities 5 Roots Health and Appearance Social and Economic Population of Family Parental Attitudes Family Constellation Gender Role Types: By age 5 one of these is your dominant style Dominant: Use power, status, aggression Getting: Letting other do stuff for us (most common) Avoiding: Step out, avoid difficulties and failures Socially Useful: In addition to taking care of ourselves we think of others Creative Power of Self Social Interest/ “Community Feeling” 3 Birth Order: 1 born: dependent on approval o Never quite get over being de- throwned o Never see themselves as little, see themselves as equal with authority o Tell you how they think you should act, etc First born should ride in backseat Middle Child o Cross line in car trips o Feel unnoticed o Often instigators, antagonistic o Easy to be friends with o Secretive/ sneaky o Peace makers Babies of Family o Charmers o Class Clown o Don’t have to work for what they want o Manipulative o Adventurous o Dreamers 5 or more years give characteristics of “ONLY’S” Terrible sharers 4 Prefer to talk to adults Center of Attention Most stubborn Twins One will always be dominant o Love life Best combo First born daughter and baby son Middle and first born (give into, eager to please) Middle and youngest (dangerous, more struggle) Only and first born, 2 first borns (sign up for counseling, both want to run show) 2 Only’s (tend to work out pretty well) 2 Babies (going to need help the rest of their life) 2 Middles (tend to do just fine) Assessment/ Counseling: o Face to face/ more casual/ liked jokes o Body lang/ chair position/ sleep pattern/ birth order o Early recollections o Dream analysis: manifest and latent content Research Support o Dreams o Inferiority: motivating and drives us 5 o Early Recollections: we do get support for early memories being correlated with your style of life o Spoiling: Lower social interest level o Neglect: Depression o Social Interest: score high= well adjusted/ balanced o Birth Order: first born we get most support 6 Personality PSYCH 26 Sept 2016 Karen Clemintina Theodora Danielson Horney 1885-1952 Nutshell: personality is a function of the attachment and genuine love you felt as a child “Fortunately analysis is not the only way to resolve inner conflicts. Life itself remains a very effective therapist.” nd 2 Child Father (Berndt) distant and absent (ship captain) Mother (Sonni) sort of a “free spirit” Jealous of older brother Struggled with depression Very promiscuous Medical School; kept her assoc with psychoanalysis “secret” Married Oskar Horney (lawyer) o 3 daughters o Open marriage o Affair with Erich Fromm st 1 woman to present a paper at an International conference Fav dog = black Labrador Womb envy Research Saw such a great difference in style of response between Germans and Americans: the difference must be social. Focus is on the anxious personality Still today one of the best theories around anxiety. Personality Development: P/C Relationship Safety Needs Hostility: comes from feeling lack of genuine love; repress the hostility of not being loved because our parents create one of the following conditions: o Fear: “u don’t really love me, but I can’t be mad at u bc I’m afraid u will hurt me.” o Guilt: “u don’t really love me but u do so much for me so I can’t be mad at you or I will be so ungrateful and a bad person.” o Love: “u say u love me, but I can see ur words are not genuine. Even so I can’t be mad at u bc then I would lose even this fake love.” o Over dependent need: “u don’t really love me but u do so much for me that I don’t think I could do for myself. I can’t be mad at u bc I can’t do these things on my own.” Personality Structure: Basic Anxiety: Hostility leads to Anxiety o Securing Affection/Love o Submission o Attaining Power o Withdrawing *This anxiety leads to Neurosis Neurotic Needs o When 1 of 4 becomes so intense that is becomes a drive Affection and approval Dominant partner Power Exploitation Prestige Admiration Achievement or ambition Self-sufficiency Perfection Narrow limits to life: this is all I do and no more, only do your little comfort zone o Neurotic Trends Compliant Personality: emotionally sneaky, manipulative Aggressive Personality: anger and power are first responses Detached Personality: Goal is as little as possible Idealized Self Image: o Tyranny of should externalization
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