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Week 4 Class Notes

by: Mia Notetaker

Week 4 Class Notes Geo 171

Marketplace > Syracuse University > Geography > Geo 171 > Week 4 Class Notes
Mia Notetaker
GPA 3.75

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About this Document

Class lecture notes taken from week 4
Human Geography
Todd Rutherford
Class Notes
Human, geography
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mia Notetaker on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geo 171 at Syracuse University taught by Todd Rutherford in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Human Geography in Geography at Syracuse University.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Human Geographies  Week 4 Notes    Globalization Lesson 2:    Global Commodity Chains & Labor Rights:  ● Globalization has called for a look at labor rights/standards  ● Rapid increase in labor force, doubled in the 20­35 years    Labor Rights & Standards:  ● Standard­ What it is  Right­ What is should be  ● Labor Rights Body­ International Labor Organization (1919)  ○ Core Standards:  ■ Freedom of Association/ Organization  ■ Right to collectively bargain  ■ Elimination of Forced labor  ■ Abolition of child labor  ■ Elimination of discrimination    The Debate:  ● Free market perspective? (Ex. Sweatshops?)  ● Markets will raise standards as markets increase  ● Standards/ regulations distort markets  ● Standards = Imperialism (Ex. “Asian Values”)    VS.    ● Free markets not sufficient  ● Supply of workers greater than demand  ● Labor standards & rights can be economically positioned  ● Not just a ‘North’ vs ‘ South’ issue    Different Models:  ● Standards: Public / Private (soft/hard):  ○ Linkage model fair trade  ○ Formal economy based  ○ Side agreements (ex. NAFTA)  ● Pressure & Response:  ○ Global firms/ companies vulnerable to image attacks  ○ Unions, consumer groups, etc  ○ Voluntary code of conduct & changes  ○ Complaints, no worker response, conflicts of interest  ● Process  ○ All nations ratify ILO  ○ Work for annual improvements  ○ Include workers in all sectors    EXAMPLE­    US­Cambodia Textile Agreements:  ● US would increase imports from Cambodia as worker conditions improved  ● Lasted from 1999­2005  ● First US policy involving labor rights in a trade deal         


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