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Week 5 Notes

by: baileyxx

Week 5 Notes TCF 100


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Corrigan & White Article
Intro to telecommunications
Dr. Kristen Warner
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by baileyxx on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TCF 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kristen Warner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 09/26/16
Week 5 Reading 9/14/16▯ The Film Experience: An Introduction▯ Corrigan & White▯ ▯ The Elements of Documentary Films▯ ▯ Non-Fiction and Non-Narrative▯ • Non-fiction▯ - primarily associated with documentary films▯ - give factual descriptions of actual events, persons, or places rather than their fictional / invented re-creation▯ - use same info. as documentary but presented in an entertaining & easy to follow way▯ • Non-narrative▯ - eschew / de-emphasize stories & narratives▯ - employ forms such as lists, repetition or contrasts as their organizational structure▯ - EX: create a visual list, repeat a single image as an organizing pattern, alternate between objects in a way that suggests different fundamental contrasts▯ - can embed stories but those are usually secondary to the non-narrative pattern▯ • clearly suggest distinct ways of seeing the world▯ ▯ Expositions: Organizations that show or describe▯ • documentary organizations▯ - show / describe experiences in a way that differs from narrative films▯ • traditional documentaries observe form a distance & organize observations as objectively as possible to suggest some definition of the subject through the exposition▯ ▯ Cumulative Organization▯ • present a catalog of images / sounds throughout the course of the film▯ - may be a simple series w/ no recognizable logic connecting the images▯ ▯ Contrastive Organization▯ • presents a series of contrasts / oppositions meant to indicate the different points of view on its subject▯ - may alternate between images of war & peace or between skylines of different cities▯ - can distinguish positive / negative events▯ - may suggest a more complicated relationship between objects or individuals▯ ▯ Developmental Organization▯ • places, objects, individuals, or experiences are presented through a pattern that has a non- narrative logic or structure but still follows a logic of change or progression▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Rhetorical Positions▯ • organizational points of view that shape formal practices accruing to certain perspectives attitudes▯ • films may assume neutral stance of the uninvolved observer▯ - “Voice of God”▯ - assumed authority & objectivity ▯ • other times point of view of documentary assumes a more limited / personal perspective▯ • rhetorical position of documentary articulate attitudes & positions according to 4 principle framework▯ 1. effort to explore the world and it’s people▯ 2. aims to interrogate / analyze an event or problem▯ 3. assumes the stance of a debater / polemicist who attempts to persuade the audience of a certain truth or point of view▯ 4. fragments & reflects presence & activity of film making process / the filmmaker▯ • sometimes framework overlaps in a single film▯ ▯ Explorative Positions▯ • announce or suggest that the films driving perspective is a scientific search into particular social, psychological, or physical phenomena▯ - documentary assumes perspective of traveler / explorer or an investigator who presents experiences & facts as a witness▯ ▯ Interrogative Positions▯ structure movie in a way that identifies subject as being under investigation▯ • - commonly in interview format found in documentary▯ - can also employ a voiceover / an on-camera voice that asks questions of individuals / objects that may or may not respond to questioning▯ • interrogative / analytical forms may lead to more knowledge & simply raise more questions than they answer▯ ▯ Persuasive Positions▯ • articulate perspective that express a personal or social position using emotions / beliefs & aim to persuade viewers to feel & see in a certain way▯ • can also rely solely on the power of documentary images ▯ ▯ Reflexive & Performative Positions▯ • call attention to filmmaking process / perspective of the filmmaker in determining or shaping documentary material being presented▯ • focus can shift from the filmmaking process to the filmmaker▯ - emphasizes participation of the filmmaker▯ ▯ ▯ Sherman’s March▯ • film becomes more about filmmakers attempt to start / maintain a romantic relationship w/ women he meets▯ ▯ The Significance of Documentary Films▯ ▯ Revealing New or Ignored Realities▯ • successful documentaries offer different kind of truth than narrative films ▯ - reveal new / ignored reality by showing people, events, or levels of reality we haven’t seen before▯ • to achieve this documentaries question basic terms of reality▯ ▯ Confronting Assumptions, Alternating Opinions▯ • films attempt to persuade viewers of certain facts, attack other points of view, argue w/ other films, or motivate viewers to act on social problems / concerns▯ ▯ Serving a social, cultural, & personal lens▯ • social documentary▯ • ethnographic film▯ ▯ Social Documentary▯ • examine & present both familiar & unfamiliar peoples / cultures as social activities▯ • goals▯ - authenticity in representing how people live and interact▯ - discovery in representing unknown environments / cultures▯ ▯ The Political Documentary▯ • aimed to investigate and celebrate political activities of men and women as they appear within the struggles of small and large social spheres ▯ • tend to take analytical or persuasive positions▯ ▯ The Historical Documentary▯ • concentrates on recovering and representing events or figures in history▯ • conventional documentary histories▯ - assume facts and realities of a past history can be more or less recovered and accurately represented▯ • reflective documentary histories▯ - adopt a dual point of view▯ - along w/ work to describe an event, is awareness that film or other discourses and materials will never be able to fully retrieve the reality of that lost history▯ ▯ ▯ Ethnographic Cinema▯ • roots in early cinema▯ • 2nd major tradition in documentary films▯ typically about cultural revelations, aimed at specific people, rituals, or communities not in • mainstream culture▯ • anthropological films and cinema verite ▯ ▯ Anthropological Films▯ • explore different cultures and peoples both living and extinct▯ ▯ Cinema Verite and Direct Cinema▯ • Cinema Verite (cinema truth)▯ - one of the most important and influential documentary schools related to ethnographic cinema▯ - insists on filming real objects, people and events in a confrontational way▯ - so reality of subject continually acknowledges the reality of the camera recording it▯ • Direct Cinema▯ - more observational▯ - less confrontational▯ ▯ Personal Documentaries, Reenactments, & Mockumentaries▯ • Personal / subjective documentary▯ - create films that look more like autobiographies / dairies▯ • Reenactments▯ - use documentary techniques in order to present a reenactment or theatrical staging of presumably true / real events▯ • Mockumentaries▯ - take humorous approach to the question of truth and fact▯ - use a documentary style and structure to present & stage fictional realities


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