Week 5 Notes
Popular in Intro to telecommunications
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by baileyxx on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to TCF 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Kristen Warner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.
Reviews for Week 5 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/26/16
Week 5 Reading 9/14/16▯ The Film Experience: An Introduction▯ Corrigan & White▯ ▯ The Elements of Documentary Films▯ ▯ Non-Fiction and Non-Narrative▯ • Non-ﬁction▯ - primarily associated with documentary ﬁlms▯ - give factual descriptions of actual events, persons, or places rather than their ﬁctional / invented re-creation▯ - use same info. as documentary but presented in an entertaining & easy to follow way▯ • Non-narrative▯ - eschew / de-emphasize stories & narratives▯ - employ forms such as lists, repetition or contrasts as their organizational structure▯ - EX: create a visual list, repeat a single image as an organizing pattern, alternate between objects in a way that suggests different fundamental contrasts▯ - can embed stories but those are usually secondary to the non-narrative pattern▯ • clearly suggest distinct ways of seeing the world▯ ▯ Expositions: Organizations that show or describe▯ • documentary organizations▯ - show / describe experiences in a way that differs from narrative ﬁlms▯ • traditional documentaries observe form a distance & organize observations as objectively as possible to suggest some deﬁnition of the subject through the exposition▯ ▯ Cumulative Organization▯ • present a catalog of images / sounds throughout the course of the ﬁlm▯ - may be a simple series w/ no recognizable logic connecting the images▯ ▯ Contrastive Organization▯ • presents a series of contrasts / oppositions meant to indicate the different points of view on its subject▯ - may alternate between images of war & peace or between skylines of different cities▯ - can distinguish positive / negative events▯ - may suggest a more complicated relationship between objects or individuals▯ ▯ Developmental Organization▯ • places, objects, individuals, or experiences are presented through a pattern that has a non- narrative logic or structure but still follows a logic of change or progression▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Rhetorical Positions▯ • organizational points of view that shape formal practices accruing to certain perspectives attitudes▯ • ﬁlms may assume neutral stance of the uninvolved observer▯ - “Voice of God”▯ - assumed authority & objectivity ▯ • other times point of view of documentary assumes a more limited / personal perspective▯ • rhetorical position of documentary articulate attitudes & positions according to 4 principle framework▯ 1. effort to explore the world and it’s people▯ 2. aims to interrogate / analyze an event or problem▯ 3. assumes the stance of a debater / polemicist who attempts to persuade the audience of a certain truth or point of view▯ 4. fragments & reﬂects presence & activity of ﬁlm making process / the ﬁlmmaker▯ • sometimes framework overlaps in a single ﬁlm▯ ▯ Explorative Positions▯ • announce or suggest that the ﬁlms driving perspective is a scientiﬁc search into particular social, psychological, or physical phenomena▯ - documentary assumes perspective of traveler / explorer or an investigator who presents experiences & facts as a witness▯ ▯ Interrogative Positions▯ structure movie in a way that identiﬁes subject as being under investigation▯ • - commonly in interview format found in documentary▯ - can also employ a voiceover / an on-camera voice that asks questions of individuals / objects that may or may not respond to questioning▯ • interrogative / analytical forms may lead to more knowledge & simply raise more questions than they answer▯ ▯ Persuasive Positions▯ • articulate perspective that express a personal or social position using emotions / beliefs & aim to persuade viewers to feel & see in a certain way▯ • can also rely solely on the power of documentary images ▯ ▯ Reﬂexive & Performative Positions▯ • call attention to ﬁlmmaking process / perspective of the ﬁlmmaker in determining or shaping documentary material being presented▯ • focus can shift from the ﬁlmmaking process to the ﬁlmmaker▯ - emphasizes participation of the ﬁlmmaker▯ ▯ ▯ Sherman’s March▯ • ﬁlm becomes more about ﬁlmmakers attempt to start / maintain a romantic relationship w/ women he meets▯ ▯ The Signiﬁcance of Documentary Films▯ ▯ Revealing New or Ignored Realities▯ • successful documentaries offer different kind of truth than narrative ﬁlms ▯ - reveal new / ignored reality by showing people, events, or levels of reality we haven’t seen before▯ • to achieve this documentaries question basic terms of reality▯ ▯ Confronting Assumptions, Alternating Opinions▯ • ﬁlms attempt to persuade viewers of certain facts, attack other points of view, argue w/ other ﬁlms, or motivate viewers to act on social problems / concerns▯ ▯ Serving a social, cultural, & personal lens▯ • social documentary▯ • ethnographic ﬁlm▯ ▯ Social Documentary▯ • examine & present both familiar & unfamiliar peoples / cultures as social activities▯ • goals▯ - authenticity in representing how people live and interact▯ - discovery in representing unknown environments / cultures▯ ▯ The Political Documentary▯ • aimed to investigate and celebrate political activities of men and women as they appear within the struggles of small and large social spheres ▯ • tend to take analytical or persuasive positions▯ ▯ The Historical Documentary▯ • concentrates on recovering and representing events or ﬁgures in history▯ • conventional documentary histories▯ - assume facts and realities of a past history can be more or less recovered and accurately represented▯ • reﬂective documentary histories▯ - adopt a dual point of view▯ - along w/ work to describe an event, is awareness that ﬁlm or other discourses and materials will never be able to fully retrieve the reality of that lost history▯ ▯ ▯ Ethnographic Cinema▯ • roots in early cinema▯ • 2nd major tradition in documentary ﬁlms▯ typically about cultural revelations, aimed at speciﬁc people, rituals, or communities not in • mainstream culture▯ • anthropological ﬁlms and cinema verite ▯ ▯ Anthropological Films▯ • explore different cultures and peoples both living and extinct▯ ▯ Cinema Verite and Direct Cinema▯ • Cinema Verite (cinema truth)▯ - one of the most important and inﬂuential documentary schools related to ethnographic cinema▯ - insists on ﬁlming real objects, people and events in a confrontational way▯ - so reality of subject continually acknowledges the reality of the camera recording it▯ • Direct Cinema▯ - more observational▯ - less confrontational▯ ▯ Personal Documentaries, Reenactments, & Mockumentaries▯ • Personal / subjective documentary▯ - create ﬁlms that look more like autobiographies / dairies▯ • Reenactments▯ - use documentary techniques in order to present a reenactment or theatrical staging of presumably true / real events▯ • Mockumentaries▯ - take humorous approach to the question of truth and fact▯ - use a documentary style and structure to present & stage ﬁctional realities
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'