Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes AAS 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Noopur Walia on Monday September 26, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AAS 100 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 61 views.
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Date Created: 09/26/16
Week 3: Film & Lecture Notes Spain and Britain were already settlers Lewis and Clark expedition ordered by Jefferson to explore (1804-1806) – 4,000 miles John Murray Forbes – was asked to invest money in railroads Chinese and American merchants were trading partners Boston tea party – tea dumped overboard to protest British control, tea was from China Instead of paying the Chinese, Europeans just wanted to exchange goods from China British found that they can trade Opium (found in China) with the Chinese British attack in China began and most soldiers were Indians from the British colonies and the Chinese lost the Opium war China/US – Treaty of Wangshia in 1844 After slave trade ended, there was a shortage of slaves Coolie means laborer (1834-1918) o Not just Indian men were sent to work in the plantations, there were Indian women also sent for the same purpose o Chinese called this system “buying and selling of pigs” Treated poorly on the ships and many coolies died while rebelling and they did end up receiving the freedom Labored 21/24 hours – when someone died, their bones would be tossed into a pit and their families wouldn’t even know British required a certain number of indentured women on board so they could increase the number of slave families I. Water and Anti-History a. The waters around the islands and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian chain and the expansion of the Papahaumockakea b. In the last week, President Obama declared it a national monument because it is one of the last coral reefs – it is being protected i. This is anti-history because humans aren’t a part of this ii. If there are no humans there, then how can we reflect on it and pass it on II. Land and History a. Caspar David Freidrich – Wanderer above the sea of fog, 1818 III. Before Asians arrived to America a. Historian Gary Okihiro – “When and where I enter” b. European imagination and construction of Asia and Asians c. Imperialism & Colonialism i. Metropole and colony ii. Conquest and civilizational imperative, i.e. “White Man’s Burden” iii. U.S. empire: exceptional 1. Colonization w/o subjects iv. Dispossession/exploitation 1. Native Americans/Genocide 2 2. African Americans/slavery 3. Chicano/Conquest 4. Asian Americans/Indenture v. Manifest destiny d. Orientalism i. Anwar Abdel Malik (1963) and Edward Said (1978) ii. Defining “orient” for purpose of colonization; define civilization in relation to barbarity iii. Legitimization of supremacy in “liberation” iv. State racism e. Race/Racism i. Biological difference – fallacy of defining groups based on physical appearance (phenotype); dominating them through connection to inherent qualities, essences, etc. (genotype) ii. Power/supremacy/civilization iii. Violence: Material/symbolic iv. Product of western modernity: Nations based on inclusion/exclusion 1. Citizen/alien 2. Insider/outsider 3. Asian Americans as forever foreigner IV. International context of Early Asian Immigration to US (Pre-WWII) US needs to find: a. Market for goods, military bases, cheap labor, factories and plantations 3 b. International trade and expansion of capital – need for cheap labor (i.e. recruitment by Hawaiian sugar plantation owners) c. For the early Chinese immigrants, the lure of gold rush in California V. Early Asian American Immigrant groups a. Chinese – post 1600s came as migrant labors in Hawaii in 1830s b. Japanese – started to arrive in the late 1860s st c. Korean – 1 came as contract labor in Hawaii in 1903 then stopped in 1905 d. Indians/South Asians – Arrived in Seattle and California via Canada in late 1890s and early 1900s i. Pacific Indian Railroad – Sikh men e. Filipinos – Hawaii in 1907 and California after i. 1898 Philippines becomes protectorate of the US (example of expansion of US empire) f. Filipinos and Chinese were first recorded to have landed in the 1600s g. Indian sailors – Massachusetts (1790s) VI. Coolies: Race, labor, and Early Chinese Immigration 4
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