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Introduction to Philosphy

by: jennifer cordero

Introduction to Philosphy Philosophy

Marketplace > MacMurray College > History & Philosophy > Philosophy > Introduction to Philosphy
jennifer cordero

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The views of Aristotle in regard to politics, women, and the 3 ideal states of Perfections
Intro to philosophy
Class Notes
philosophy lecture notes




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by jennifer cordero on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Philosophy at MacMurray College taught by Dr.berg in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to philosophy in History & Philosophy at MacMurray College.

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Date Created: 09/27/16
Plato On Pleasure/ Aristotle Views Hedonism or Greek word Hedone­ Is finding pleasure amongst materialism such as money, clothing,  objects coming from the earth. Both Plato and Aristotle believed that hedonism was bad for the soul since it was corruptive. Aristotlean Politics­ were normative and were psychological, and physics based. In the first part of  psychology in politics was “rational choice/ rhetoric”. Rhetoric “is the persuasive speaking or writing”;  Aristotle did not want other people to use rhetoric since an individual is not thinking for himself but  thinking for the other person’s desire that benefits in the end. A real world example is Hillary Clinton’s  commercials; she uses rhetoric to bring Donald Trump down, which is only persuasive speech only to  benefit herself. The Second part of politics is physics­ are the views of plants, animals, and humans.  Aristotle had claimed we were nothing compared to plants, but we were similar to animals because of our  instincts such as protect our young, and so forth. Although we compared to animals; animals do not have  ethics, intelligence, nor language. Humans make decisions on rational choices. According to the Greeks  we were born into plants, transcended into animals, and finally becoming humans that is why they were  against abortion. The Goal of politics is” Eudomonia” which meant excellence combined with reason “Man is a political animal” Aristotle believed that only man can be leaders since women were the  defective counterparts of men. Aristotle said neither slave could lead since they were the lowest social  class in Rome at the time. On behalf of women Aristotle made an empirical claim that women were made  up by 2/3 emotions and 1/3 reason, while mean are made up by 2/3 reason and 1/3 emotion, making men  superior to women. Aristotle could not support his views on women whatsoever, the first time he couldn’t prove what he believed. These beliefs of women have been widely accepted by many cultures and are  continued to be believed in todays society.  There were 3 ideals for a perfect state 1. Population­ Quality/Quantity: Example. Workers had to be hardworking when shoveling for a  certain amount of Period. The number of workers had to be adequate not too many, nor too little 2. Territory­ Supply size: Example. Adequate amount of space 3. Character­ Education:  Example. Men needed education  


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