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Anther week 7

by: Madison Hewson

Anther week 7 ANT 170

Madison Hewson

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This will finish what will be on exam 2
Cultural Anthropology
McLean, Athena
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Hewson on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 170 at Central Michigan University taught by McLean, Athena in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at Central Michigan University.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
LECTURE 5, Week 7a Small Scale Culture: Case Study 1:  The Australian Aborigines:  Mobile Foragers for 50,000 Years (E) E. Summary: Consequences of Missionary and European influence  1. They had become dependent of on missionaries  and government for food.                 a. Many did not survive World War II because of diminished availability of   food supplies on which they had come to depend and lost skills to survive in the bush. 2. Their marriage system had changed so that younger men were selected as mates  and they had to pay a bride price to the father and reside with the girl's family and  support them. This matrilocal residence was a big change from the previous system             3. Their kinship system also shifted from a patrilineal to a matrilineal descent      system.  Why might these changes  have occurred? We aren’t sure, except that women became the focus of marriage patterns and  seemed in greater control over it. 4. Polygamy was dying out by the 1950s.  F.  Implications of outside influences for 1976  Aboriginal Land Rights Act    1.  Settled housing and outside employment had transformed the community   2.  People had lost a sense of how they were tied to their ritual estates.        a. Before these changes, people followed a patrilineal descent system.        b.  As a partilineal society, rights to ownership were passed down by their  father's clan or lineage.       i. But years of European influence destroyed the marriage patterns, with  many husbands not sure how to establish rights to ritual estates.       c. With changes brought by outsiders, people lived in missions or settlements,  and were rarely buried on the lands anymore    3. Aboriginal committees mostly of elderly women got together and defined new         rules were made to allow children of Tiwi women rights on these lands.     G. Positive Changes          1. New economic opportunities for aborigines            a. The Tiwi became part of a local market economy  i. making fabrics, clothing, pottery        b. A tourist industry developed               2. Increasing foraging occurred within a few years of the passing of the Land  Act. a. Traditional foods were still preferred over store­bought foods and the  1 limited income increasingly demanded that they forage        3. A push to salvage aboriginal knowledge a. re. hunting and gathering to pass on to their children. b. Mission raised adults are asking elders for help in recalling traditional foraging    techniques for the future survival of themselves and their children        4. The Catholic church no longer outlaws ritual ceremonies  a.  Many have been  recovered and expressed increasingly to affirm land affiliations      with their  totemic clans.      Writing and performing of songs and dances is transmitted to youngsters        with the hope of supporting their cultural past and heightened cultural pride         has resulted.          a. Their children, educated mainly in English, however are not learning the old            ways as quickly as their parents are hoping.      5. Still, they are working toward recovering and pursuing their traditional way of     life.  And as the children head toward adulthood, they too tend to become more     interested in recovering traditional lifeways, before they are gone forever.   6. So they were able to save some traditions that go back in some way perhaps 50,000 yrs ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ However, as we indicated in the last class, despite these gains, and salvaging at least  some of the Dreaming and aboriginal lifeways, there have been continuous challenges, geared up in recent years: ­ government land grabs of land aborigines had won  back ­ Government attempts to pollute aboriginal lands that had been regained ­ Destroying aboriginal families again – false allegations of sexual abuse Group PROJECT: ongoing and current aboriginal challenges Take out your HOMEWORK (1) Each individual should have a summary of issues  raised by Pilger article (in Resources); (2) Each student should have a title of 2   nd article you chose with relevant issues to land grabs and removal of children from  homes and list key issues that article raised;  As a group then, (1)discuss these key issues from your individual work with your group (2)   summarize consistent policies that have injured aborigines families, land claims,  other (3) summarize any positive policies (4) Discuss reasons for these policies and write a group analysis on why government  continues to develop policies that are negative for aborigines/. (5) class discussion on your findings and analysis 2 ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­ Next class:   (1) Movie: Rabbit Proof Fences on lost generation (2) Review of possible exam questions/ 3 UNIT II, Class/ LECTURE 6, Week 7b Small Scale Culture: Case Study 1:  The Australian Aborigines:  Mobile Foragers for 50,000 Years (E) (1) Movie: Rabbit Proof Fences on Assimilation policy/ lost generation/ and  bravery of one aboriginal girl (2) Overview of exam (wk 8a) / Review of exam questions/ 1


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