Anther week 7
Anther week 7 ANT 170
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Hewson on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 170 at Central Michigan University taught by McLean, Athena in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Cultural Anthropology in Cultural Anthropology at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
LECTURE 5, Week 7a Small Scale Culture: Case Study 1: The Australian Aborigines: Mobile Foragers for 50,000 Years (E) E. Summary: Consequences of Missionary and European influence 1. They had become dependent of on missionaries and government for food. a. Many did not survive World War II because of diminished availability of food supplies on which they had come to depend and lost skills to survive in the bush. 2. Their marriage system had changed so that younger men were selected as mates and they had to pay a bride price to the father and reside with the girl's family and support them. This matrilocal residence was a big change from the previous system 3. Their kinship system also shifted from a patrilineal to a matrilineal descent system. Why might these changes have occurred? We aren’t sure, except that women became the focus of marriage patterns and seemed in greater control over it. 4. Polygamy was dying out by the 1950s. F. Implications of outside influences for 1976 Aboriginal Land Rights Act 1. Settled housing and outside employment had transformed the community 2. People had lost a sense of how they were tied to their ritual estates. a. Before these changes, people followed a patrilineal descent system. b. As a partilineal society, rights to ownership were passed down by their father's clan or lineage. i. But years of European influence destroyed the marriage patterns, with many husbands not sure how to establish rights to ritual estates. c. With changes brought by outsiders, people lived in missions or settlements, and were rarely buried on the lands anymore 3. Aboriginal committees mostly of elderly women got together and defined new rules were made to allow children of Tiwi women rights on these lands. G. Positive Changes 1. New economic opportunities for aborigines a. The Tiwi became part of a local market economy i. making fabrics, clothing, pottery b. A tourist industry developed 2. Increasing foraging occurred within a few years of the passing of the Land Act. a. Traditional foods were still preferred over storebought foods and the 1 limited income increasingly demanded that they forage 3. A push to salvage aboriginal knowledge a. re. hunting and gathering to pass on to their children. b. Mission raised adults are asking elders for help in recalling traditional foraging techniques for the future survival of themselves and their children 4. The Catholic church no longer outlaws ritual ceremonies a. Many have been recovered and expressed increasingly to affirm land affiliations with their totemic clans. Writing and performing of songs and dances is transmitted to youngsters with the hope of supporting their cultural past and heightened cultural pride has resulted. a. Their children, educated mainly in English, however are not learning the old ways as quickly as their parents are hoping. 5. Still, they are working toward recovering and pursuing their traditional way of life. And as the children head toward adulthood, they too tend to become more interested in recovering traditional lifeways, before they are gone forever. 6. So they were able to save some traditions that go back in some way perhaps 50,000 yrs However, as we indicated in the last class, despite these gains, and salvaging at least some of the Dreaming and aboriginal lifeways, there have been continuous challenges, geared up in recent years: government land grabs of land aborigines had won back Government attempts to pollute aboriginal lands that had been regained Destroying aboriginal families again – false allegations of sexual abuse Group PROJECT: ongoing and current aboriginal challenges Take out your HOMEWORK (1) Each individual should have a summary of issues raised by Pilger article (in Resources); (2) Each student should have a title of 2 nd article you chose with relevant issues to land grabs and removal of children from homes and list key issues that article raised; As a group then, (1)discuss these key issues from your individual work with your group (2) summarize consistent policies that have injured aborigines families, land claims, other (3) summarize any positive policies (4) Discuss reasons for these policies and write a group analysis on why government continues to develop policies that are negative for aborigines/. (5) class discussion on your findings and analysis 2 Next class: (1) Movie: Rabbit Proof Fences on lost generation (2) Review of possible exam questions/ 3 UNIT II, Class/ LECTURE 6, Week 7b Small Scale Culture: Case Study 1: The Australian Aborigines: Mobile Foragers for 50,000 Years (E) (1) Movie: Rabbit Proof Fences on Assimilation policy/ lost generation/ and bravery of one aboriginal girl (2) Overview of exam (wk 8a) / Review of exam questions/ 1
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