Elvis & Beginning of Rock n' Roll
Elvis & Beginning of Rock n' Roll MUSIC 2252
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kylen Bailey on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSIC 2252 at Ohio State University taught by Dana Plank-Blasko in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see History of Rock and Roll in Music at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Elvis & Beginning of Rock n Roll Wednesday, September 21, 2016 12:34 PM • White musicians incorportaing black styles ○ Elvis, Bill Haley • Birth of Rock n Roll ELVIS ○ The B Side of "That’s all right mama" § Blue Moon of Kentucky check online Series of recordings followed 1954 -55 in which musicians covered all kinds ○ of songs and styles in search of style and success ○ Mixed west swing, hillbilly, r&b § Good Rockin Tonight (1954) listen □ Cover of two versions by Wynonie Harris and Roy Brown (both in 47) □ Is clearly imitating them but sounds different □ Elvis makes it electric hillbilly music § I don’t care if the sun don’t shine (54) □ Imitation again § Blue Moon § Mystery Train - cover by Junior Parker ○ Sang many different types (12 bar blues and more) ○ Sam Phillips sold Elvis's contract to major label RCA for $35000 in Nov 1955 § First song brought out is Heartbreak Hotel in 1956 □ Runaway smash hit - a great theatricalization of his style ○ Never wrote his own songs but very involved in production and consistent on getting best recording of it ○ Until signing up for army in 1958, had a string of hits ○ Don’t be cruel § Strong backbeat; boogie-woogie piano but muted and gentle • Rockabilly ○ What is it? - can be confusing to identify § Tends to be loud, stripped down. Edgy, southern, strong rhythm, use of blues ○ Sam Phillips § Crucible of rockabilly : Sun Studios ○ What is it? - can be confusing to identify § Tends to be loud, stripped down. Edgy, southern, strong rhythm, use of blues ○ Sam Phillips § Crucible of rockabilly : Sun Studios Phillips produced many black blues and R&B artists in early 50s § § Develops Sun Studio sound □ Take an R&B influenced blues and boogie basis □ Apply to a hillbilly string band format □ Electricfy with hot guitar □ Combine 2 and 4 beat feel □ Sound engineering to give careful attention to amplification as clean and precise mixing and "s-back" echo ® Can be contrasted with Chicago Blues sound § Found sound of many other artists (Johnny Cash, Buddy Holly and the Crickets) ○ Rockabilly bands pop up everywhere and become almost indistinguishable from rock n roll § Carl Perkins - Dixie Fried (56) has rockabilly fury in it § Gene Vincent- Be Bop A Lu La (56) § Eddie Cochran- Cmon Everybody (58) ○ Buddy Holly One of the most impt figures in 50s rock § § Songs are polished and mini works of art § Recorded at Norman Petty studio in New Mexico § Two biggest hits: That'll Be The Day; Peggy Sue ○ Chuck Berry § From St. Louis; great crossroads for ragtime, jazz, blues, and more § Guitari- blues based § Stripped down, with thin sound in guitar and voice § Emphasis on fast, intense dance music □ Caused at first to be labeled as hillbilly § Moved to Chicago in 55 First hit: Maybellene § □ 12 bar blues, hot and distorted § Songs make perfect miniatures/stories □ Roll Over Beethoven ○ Jerry Lee Lewis § Rockabilly Pianist □ Also worked w Sam Phillips § Lewis's first major hit in - whole lotta shakin' goin' on □ 12 bar blues § Constantly moving and never staying still during performances § Listen to "What'd I Say" by Ray Charles § Rockabilly Pianist □ Also worked w Sam Phillips § Lewis's first major hit in - whole lotta shakin' goin' on □ 12 bar blues § Constantly moving and never staying still during performances § Listen to "What'd I Say" by Ray Charles § Has 13 yr old third wife who was third cousin also • New Orleans R&B ○ Until WWI was the cradle of jazz ○ First record company in NO in 1949 ○ Elements of NO R&B style: § Jump bands, boogie rhythm Fats Domino: Discovered by Dave Bartholomew ○ § The Fat Man: first recording and made no.2 on R&B chart § Some argue is the FIRST rock record ○ Broadway sensibility; class distinction ○ Little Richard § From Georgia but recorded in NO § Gives distinct meaning to rock n roll § Born Richard Penniman (1932) § Had a gospel and sanctified sensibility of his music § Tutti Frutti (1955) □ Breakthrough hit □ Rough voice, hot, distorted, overwhelming excitement and energy (even more so live) § Excellent back up band: a 'gumbo' approach
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