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Chapter 4: Sound

by: Consuela Horton

Chapter 4: Sound SCOM 2050

Consuela Horton
GPA 3.65

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About this Document

These are the notes from 9/21/16 on chapter 4
Melanie Chambers
Class Notes
Media and Society
25 ?





Popular in Speech & Communication

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Consuela Horton on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SCOM 2050 at Georgia State University taught by Melanie Chambers in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see MEDIA, CULTURE, AND SOCIETY in Speech & Communication at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Wednesday, September 21, 2016 Chapter 4 Music Development of Sound Recording • 1850s - First experiments with sound • 1877 - Edison figured out how to play back sound - He made a sound recording using a tin foil phonograph and replayed it by making the needle follow the pattern created when he recorded the sound • Talking machines • Phonograph • Telephone • Telegraph • Gramophone - used to play back sound - Uses records (round flat disks) - The first record was called a flat disk • Audiotapes - 1929 - Cassettes 1960s • Digital - Compact Discs (1970) - MP3 Players - Internet Streaming Music 1 Wednesday, September 21, 2016 Changing Music With British Invasion • - The Beatles, The Rolling Stones • Popular Music Went in Two Directions - The Beatles OR The Rolling Stones • Rock and Roll - First Integrationist Music • Soul Music - James Brown, Aretha Franklin • Folk and Psychedelic • Punk • Pop Hip-Hop • Business of Sound Recording • Making Music - Signing the artist - Developing a sound - Recording music • Selling - Distributing - Advertising (Billboards, commercials) - Promoting (Concerts, performances on TV shows) • Dividing Profits - The Great Divide Record Label 63% 2 Wednesday, September 21, 2016 Distributors 24% The Band 13% Singer Lawyer Drummer Lead Guitarist Bassist Producer Personal Manager Business Manager • Where does the money come from and where does it go? - Revenue Sales of music, events, rights of the music to use it for something, merchandise - Costs Studio Time, 3rd Party fees, travel fees, promotion, use of equipment, production (packaging) Music Democracy • The question - How to uphold free expression while not jeopardizing revenue and profits for companies • Music - Reflects personal and political anxieties of society - Breaks down hurtful barriers - Democratic spirit prevails with music 3


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