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HLTH 101, Dimensions of Health/Behavior Change

by: Shelby B

HLTH 101, Dimensions of Health/Behavior Change HLTH 101

Marketplace > Minnesota State University - Mankato > Health and Human Services > HLTH 101 > HLTH 101 Dimensions of Health Behavior Change
Shelby B
Minnesota State University, Mankato
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

These notes are from week 2 of class, taken on August 22nd. You will find similar material from chapter 1 in your health book.
Health and the Environment
Autumn Hamilton
Class Notes
health, Enviorment
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby B on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HLTH 101 at Minnesota State University - Mankato taught by Autumn Hamilton in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Health and the Environment in Health and Human Services at Minnesota State University - Mankato.

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Date Created: 09/27/16
August 29th Health Notes Health: Yesterday and Today 1800s: health = absence of illness ­Medical model: health care focused on curing or treating disease 1900s: Emerging Ecological or public health model 1960­1970: Comprehensive ecological or public health model ­Individual’s social or physical environment caused health problems Today: focus on quality of life, evolution toward fitness (Jim Fix was the one who brought running into society, made running popular.) Factors that Affect your health: Personal behaviors Eating, poor sleeping hours, portions size, smoking/drinking,  technology, recklessness. Better eating, start exercising, behavioral changes, drinking more  water(8oz min.), safe sex. Heredity Good genetics, natural Low blood­pressure, eye site, hearing,  metabolism, etc. Bad genetics, recklessness, diabetes, etc. Environment Laws, eating surrounding, pollution, safety, second hand smoke,  industry, chemicals, stress. Social Influences Good pre­pressure, friends Negative pre­pressure, friends Access to health­care Regular check­ups, emergency rooms,  New directions for health: Mortality (death rate) statistic and morbidity (illness) rates show people are  living longer and contracting fewer illnesses. Healthy People 2010: ­ Goal: to eliminate health disparities and increase the lifespan and quality  of life. ­New focus on wellness, health promotion and disease prevention. Healthy People 2020: ­Goal: a society in which all people live long, healthy lives   Proposes the eventual achievement of the following:  Eliminate preventable diseases, disability, injury, and premature death  Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve health of all group (health insures controls your health, we should of control & the doctor)  Create social and physical environments that promote good health of all  group  Promote healthy development and healthy behaviors across every stage of life Better health in the 21st century Health promotion: educational organizational, policy, financial, and  environmental supports to help people reduce negative health behaviors  and promote positive change Focusing on global health issues What implications do global health developments have on the U.S  population? Focusing on personal choices to achieve your optional health Gender Differences and health status:  Women live longer than men, but don’t necessarily enjoy better quality of  life  In past, drugs not tested on women of child bearing age, leading to health  disparities. Research on women’s health after 1990: ­Office of research on women health(ORWH) ­Women’s health initiative(WHI) 2 Behavior change techniques:  Shaping   Visualizing  Modeling  Controlling the situation  Reinforcing  Changing self­talk Stages of change model:  Pre­contemplation  Contemplation  Preparation  Action  Maintenance  Termination Changing your health behaviors: Factors that influence behavior change: ­Predisposing factors ­Enabling factors ­Reinforcing factors Motivation Beliefs and attitudes  Health belief model (HBM) Intentions to change ­Theory of reasoned action Significant others as change agents Physical Wellness:  Your fitness level  Your ability to care for yourself  Your body’s overall condition  Absences of diseases  3 Emotional Wellness:  Trust  Self Confidence ­ part both acceptance and esteem  Optimism   Satisfying relationships  Self­Esteem ­ the way you think others perceive you  Dynamic  ­ involves ups and downs of living  Self­Acceptance ­ your personal satisfaction with yourself, excluding society’s  expectations Intellectual Wellness: Involves constantly challenging your mind The active mind detects problems, finds solutions, and directs behavior  Never stop learning ­Discover new things about yourself (If you have a complaint, you must also have a solution) Interpersonal wellness:  Satisfying and supportive relationships  Learning good communications skills  Develop the capacity for intimacy  Cultivate a supportive network  Include social wellness ­ social wellness requires participating in and contributing to your  community and to society Cultural Wellness: The way you interact with others who are different from you in terms of: ­Ethnicity ­Religion ­Gender ­Sexual orientation ­Age ­Customs 4 Involves creating relationships with others and suspending judgment on  others’ behavior until you have learned their point of view Celebrate the differences in the world (put something on Facebook that show social wellness for 10pt extra credit) Spiritual Wellness: Possess a set of guiding beliefs, principles, or values that give meaning  and purpose to your life. Focus on the positive aspects of life: ­Nature ­Art ­Meditation ­Good works ­Loved ones Environmental Wellness: The live­ability of your surroundings  Depends on the health of the planet ­Food safety ­Violence in society Improve your wellness by improving your environment.  Financial Wellness:  Your ability to live within your means and manage your money  Balancing your income and your expenses  Stay out of debt  Save for the future  Understand your emotions about money (plan!!) 5


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