NFS 143: Infant and Toddler Nutrition
NFS 143: Infant and Toddler Nutrition NFS 143
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Cotrupi on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NFS 143 at University of Vermont taught by Farryl Bertmann in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Nutrition in the life cycle in Nutrition and Food Sciences at University of Vermont.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Infant Nutrition Thursday, September 8, 2016 10:15 AM Rickets Deficiency of vitamin D AAP recommend 400 IU/day for all infants, children and adolescents Darker skin, more difficult to obtain vitamin D, more likely to have rickets Higher instance of rickets among cultures with modest clothing/limiting skin exposure to sun Possible high dose recommendation for vulnerable nursing mothers (6,400 IU/day) Infant Vegetarianism Can be adequate in essential nutrients Severely restricted diet can be dangerous Breast feeding vegetarian mothers should pay attention to iron, Vitamin B 12 (particularly with vegans) and Vitamin D Tofu, legumes, soy, yogurt, cottage cheese, eggs are good complementary foods for vegetarian infants Complementary Feeding Bring in around 6 months Increased risk of food bourn illness Expose infants to variety of texture, taste, color etc. Don’t replace formula or breast milk with cows milk until the child is 12 months No honey before 12 months, immune system cannot tolerate it Infant Feeding Recommendations (table 2.4 in book) Formula/Breast milk for the first 6 months Introduce complementary foods at 6 months, begin cup feeding water 6-8 months, pureed foods 7-9 months, bananas, cereals, crackers, pasta 9-12 months, soft foods, but not necessary pureed 12+ months, introduce more textures/tastes Breast feed until a year or as long is mutually desirable between mother and baby Lactose intolerance begins at 4 years old Feeding skills Newborn-6 months, sucking reflex is strong 3 months, sucking reflex slightly less strong Disappearance of sucking/rooting reflex indicates they are ready for complementary foods Biting should disappear around 3-4 months of age 6-9 months can swallow foods 12 months, should be able to chew Toddler Nutrition Tuesday, September 13, 2016 10:06 AM Growth Expectations Age Weight Length Protein 1-3 years 10 g/day 0.7-1.1 cm/month 13g/day 4-6 years 5-8 g/day 0.5-0.8 cm/month 19 g/day 7-10 years 5-12 g/day 0.4/0.6 cm/month 34 g/day This age range does not use BMI, they use growth charts Use WHO charts until two years, then use CDC 25% of normal infants and toddlers in the first 2 years will drop to a lower growth percentile and subsequently remain on this new growth track Until age 3 dietary fat plays a large role in brain development Babies cannot over eat with breast milk but they can with complementary foods