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Unit 2C: God & Science

by: sophia_hella

Unit 2C: God & Science Phil 1002

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Argument from Design
Intro: God, Faith & Reason
Class Notes
philosophy, Science, theism, atheism
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by sophia_hella on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1002 at University of Utah taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Tuesday, September 20, 2016 Unit 2C: God & Science Arguments from Design - Background on Science-Based DesignArguments 
 Competing Kinds of Explanations 
 Design explanations: explanations involving creative intelligence - the item being explained having arisen from planning.
 Chance explanations: explanations not involving creative intelligence - the item being explained having arisen without planning. 
 TypicalArguments from Design
 Such arguments begin by observing some phenomenon that’s either highly complex, or that otherwise has traits often associated with intelligent planning. 
 It’s then argued the best explanation of the phenomenon is a designer, rather than mere chance processes. 
 Paley’s “Intelligent Watchmaker”
 Alleged examples of such phenomena: 
 Irreducible complexity (I.D. Theory)
 Mechanical watch; human anatomy (Paley)
 First living organisms
 Anthropic fine-tuning - Design and the Origin of Life 
 Panspermia is the theory that living organisms originated elsewhere, then found their way to Earth (after which Darwinian processes took over). 
 Directed panspermia is the theory that those living organisms found their way to our planet by intentional design. - Design and the Origin of the Universe 
 Anthropic Principle 
 States that the universe must meet these conditions necessary for the development of human life - it must, because we humans are here talking about it. Science has discovered that these necessary conditions are very elaborate and highly improbable. 
 1 Tuesday, September 20, 2016 Argument from “Fine-Tuning” 
 P1. The physical laws governing our universe are extraordinary fine-tuned for the possibility of human existence. 
 P2. It is not plausible to explain fine-tuning - to this extraordinary degree - by mere chance.
 P3. The better explanation is that the fine-tuning happened by design. 


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