POLS 220- Week 6
POLS 220- Week 6 POLS 220
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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POLS 220 001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Landry Notetaker on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 220 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Bryan P. Frost in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Great Britain- 9.27.16 Characteristics and powers of the Prime Minister and Cabinet British Politics: power flows from the top downwards (hierarchical and Paramedical) 1. Divisions in British Politics a. Prime minister i. Most power b. Prime Minister Cabinets i. Head of all the agencies ii. PM appoints and dismisses cabinet members c. House of Commons i. Legislation is passed ii. Leader of the majority party in the House of Commons d. House of Lords/ Monarch i. Amounts of power people have are much less e. Civil Service i. Bureaucracy ii. Exercises enormous power iii. Important positions that are appointed not elected iv. Core of civil servants stay in office regardless of the government in power 1. These positions are some of the prestigious jobs in GB 2. Politicians dependent on CS f. The People Great Britain: - No Separation of Powers and NO Checks and Balances - The executive and legislative branches of government are fused - Difference between the government or the opposition (second most powerful party) o Between different political parties Not branches of government The Westminster Model (Parliamentary system government loosely based on the British model) - Prime Minister o How the office operates today o Powers Supreme Within his cabinet, more or less formulates policies or gets his accent to the policy o Chief domestic policy maker Sets the legislative agenda Gives general guidance to all o Chief foreign policy maker General guidance to foreign policy General guidance to foreign trade policy Speaks for the country on the international stage o Chooses the people in his cabinet Dismiss people from his cabinet at anytime o For most of British history, decides when to call an election Have to call an election once every five years PM is the chief strategist for calling elections o How you can use this to your advantage Margaret Thatcher Slashes budget, cut government spending Wins the war-> goes up Calls an election and destroys the opposition Wins an election, his power is that much greater o PM is the manifestation of government Look to PM to guide country and in his own party he reigns supreme Policy decision flow from the PM downward o How Prime minister is supported in these powers? Most important factor that shows PM power is PARTY LOYALTY Party Loyalty o British Political parties are very tight PM determines how party votes The party will support the PM Has a vested interest in supporting and seeing the PM succeed If he succeeds they succeed Even weak PM possess a lot of power and enjoy passive support PM controls the Cabinet PM has a lot of favors he can do for you o Informal Limitations on PM power Opposition Can cry fowl and say policies will destroy country Aware of his own party Make sure party is united Problem with Tony Blair o Supported Iraq war Party fractured Public opinion Institutions out of his country Other countries etc. - British Cabinet o Very similar to US cabinet o A collective body that includes in the heads of all the important governmental departments o There is NO fixed number of cabinet members Fluid (20-40 people be in cabinet) Can include Ministers without portfolio and advisors of the Prime minister US fixed by law o Include in cabinet: your close allies and your enemies Want to keep an eye on enemies o Cabinet has enormous power as well Even though PM establishes policies o Where political decisions are made and reported PM may have leading voice but Cabinet also have enormous amount of power by shaping the policies o Oversee policies o Where decisions are made o Where government is controlled and organized o Differences in cabinet members are ironed out o Plans the business of government When and how legislation is introduced o The PM in consolation with cabinet is the overall policy maker o Not all have as much weight as others o The chief policy makers in GB occurs through an inner cabinet Inner cabinet are those handful of the senior and most trusted in the party Set the agenda with the PM o Home secretary o Secretary for foreign affairs o The head of the national health care system o How does PM operate in cabinet? Depends on nature of the PM o Terms for Cabinet Government (sits on right) Opposition (sits on left) Shadow cabinet Opposition creates a shadow cabinet or cabinet in waiting (fake cabinet) Shadows their opposite in government o Shadow of the PM is the head of the Opposition party Collective responsibility (cabinet) Doctrine that determines how cabinet operates Meetings: strong disagreements among members One cabinet makes a decision, debating time is OVER and everybody in cabinet once they leave the room must support the decision made in public Cabinet will speak on the same page Can’t support it in public-> have to resign Allows cabinet to collectively be responsible Everyone will agree in public Ministerial Responsibility (ministry) Deals with department or ministry Whoever is in charge of a department or ministry is in charge of what goes on in it o Ministry does well- minister in charge gets praised Makes sure that someone is responsible for the ministry
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