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Hist 110-04 Intro. to American Civilizations Week 3 Notes

by: Jamie Bacher

Hist 110-04 Intro. to American Civilizations Week 3 Notes Hist 110-04

Marketplace > Montclair State University > History > Hist 110-04 > Hist 110 04 Intro to American Civilizations Week 3 Notes
Jamie Bacher

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About this Document

Notes from week 3
Introduction to American Civilization
Neal Dougherty
Class Notes
notes, week3, introtoamericancivilizations, history, jehovahswitness, MSU
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jamie Bacher on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 110-04 at Montclair State University taught by Neal Dougherty in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Civilization in History at Montclair State University.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
22/09/2016 Week 3 Neal Dougherty Answer to previous weeks homework: (Describe religion in 7 words) A Firmly Held Moral Belief in X Court Cases continued. Douglas v. Jeannette ­1943 ● Jehovah’s Witness ­selling books. (Same as previous case, James vs. Opelika I.  You need a permit to “sell” anything.) ● Murdock vs. Pennsylvania ­1943 ● Jehovah’s witness selling books without a permit. (No taxes are being taken out of his sales) ● He says that the Law (taxes) place an unconstitutional burden on his ability to  practice his religion. ● He was not making a ruckus, was peaceful and quiet, simply selling the books. ● Court: 5 to 4. Agree it is an unconstitutional tax. West Virginia vs. Barnette ­ 1943 ● In Gobitis, the court had said :   “National Unity is the basis of National  Security” (Remember) ● Just 3 years later ( W.VA. vs. Barnette) they have decided that: ● “Compulsory unification of opinion was doomed to failure, and was  antithetical to the 1st amendment values.” (Remember) Folett vs. Town of McCummack ­ 1944 ● Jehovah’s witness selling books ● Says he should not have to pay taxes ● A tax is applied to everyone who sells a merchandise. ● His ONLY income is the selling of these books. ● Court: He does not need a permit, there is an exemption of the licensed tax on  the preacher who preaches. ○ Should not have to pay a tax for what the 1st amendment says is a  right of religion. Prince vs. Massachusetts ­ 1944 ● Jehovah’s Witness­ selling books ● Her kid is running to cars/people “giving” them books for money ● She is charged with child labor laws ○ No boys under 12 and no girls under 18 are permitted to work/sell  books or other goods ■ She was charged with using the child to sell books  in violation of the child labor laws ● Court:  Child Labor Laws trump “religion” in this case. ● Parents can choose for themselves, however children are unable to choose for  themselves until they are of legal age. It is the responsibility of the town to protect all  children. Wooley vs. Maynard ­ 1976/7 (Takes place in New Hampshire, professor said to look up the date, I found 1976/7 )­ this is the  one he could not remember in class­ ● License plate reads “Live free or die” ● Maynard, a Jehovah’s Witness, has a problem with this, interfered with his  religion. ● “They can’t tell me how I have to live” ● Maynard taped over his licensed plate (removed “or die”) ● Gets pulled over for tampering with the plate ● Maynard said he had to because of his beliefs, the license plate infringes on his  religion. ● He asked for a plate that did not say “Live free or die” ● Court says: They must provide an alternate license plate that does not read “Live  free or die”, since this goes against his religious views. Watch Tower vs. Stratton (N.Y.) ­ 1991 ● Watchtower­ Jehovah’s Witness headquarters ● They were going door to door with no permit ● If they had read previous cases, authorities would have known that this was fine.  ● The witnesses did not need a permit. Who challenged the first amendment the most (In relevance to cases/religious groups) ? ● Jehovah’s Witnesses U.S. vs. Seeger ● Seeger gets drafted for war ● “Can’t participate because of my religion” ○ He is a conscientious objector ■ Can’t kill, can’t fight, doesn’t believe in violence ● Example: Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali)  was a conscientious objector. ○ He did not go to war, but went to prison instead Going back to the case (Seeger) ● He said he was catholic, can’t fight. ● The court said that the catholic church supported the war ● Seeger said he was the better Catholic ● He was NOT going to go, because he is a conscientious objector, even if he is  catholic and the church supports the war. He refuses to go because of his beliefs. Domino Theory: If Vietnam falls, other countries will fall. (such as dominoes, when onefalls the others get knocked down) Lexus­ Legal database search engine. ******* OCTOBER 6 ­ Test Study: ● What we have talked about in class ● Readings from chapter 4 and chapter 7 Also, get to class on time next week, we will be watching a movie.!


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