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Chapter 4 Notes

by: Jordan Marshall

Chapter 4 Notes Govt 101

Jordan Marshall
Christopher Newport University
GPA 4.0

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Chapter 4: Federalism and the U.S. Constitution
Power and Politics in America
Dr. Carlson
Class Notes
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Marshall on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Govt 101 at Christopher Newport University taught by Dr. Carlson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Power and Politics in America in History at Christopher Newport University.

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Date Created: 09/27/16
Chapter 4: Federalism and the U.S. Constitution I) The Bill of Rights and the Constitution  Delaware was the first to ratify the constitution  The Bill of Rights was included 2 years after the Constitution was ratified to  appease the Anti­Federalists  Article I o Section 1: Senate/ House of Representatives o Section 2: house or representatives o Section 3: Senate o Section 5: Congressional Record o Section 8: Power of Congress (Commerce Clause, naturalization,  army/defense)  Habeas Corpus­“produce the body,” meaning a prisoner has the right to know  why they are incarcerated  Ex Post Facto laws­law that makes something you have done illegal after you  have already done it  Bill of Attainder­law or act that targets a specific group  Letter of Marque­letter from the government allowing a privateer to be a  pirate II) Article 3  Judicial branch  Supreme court o Justices appointed by the president o Justices serve for life o Justices’ salaries cannot be reduced III) Article VI  Supremacy clause­federal government is supreme over states (no nullification  of laws by the states from the federal government) IV) The Supreme Court  John Marshall o Supreme Court Chief Justice o McCulloch v. Maryland­federal government made a bank and the state of Maryland wanted to tax it; Marshall ruled that the federal  government has power over the states and cannot be taxed by them o Marbury v. Madison­established judicial review  Judicial review­the Supreme court can decide what is and is not constitutional o Selective incorporation­incorporation of rights (laws made in the  federal government for one area or state extended to the whole  country) on a case­by­case basis


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