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GOVT 2306 Week 4 Class Notes

by: Sarah Westermann

GOVT 2306 Week 4 Class Notes GOVT 2306

Marketplace > University of Texas at Dallas > GOVT 2306 > GOVT 2306 Week 4 Class Notes
Sarah Westermann
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About this Document

This week's lecture went over the origins of American federalism and tension between state and federal government throughout history.
State and Local Government
Kevin Kearn
Class Notes
federalism, Government




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Westermann on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Kevin Kearn in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
September 13, 2016  Federalism o Centralized (national) government ­ state government ­ local government  (controlled by state government) o Need decentralization because of factions o Part of federalism is to prevent factions from tyrannizing over the rights of the  people  Distinction between the ought and the is o Ought  Example: healthcare, education  o Is  Actually, constitutionally correct  Alien and Sedition Acts o Newspapers, press can’t say anything bad about the government o Non­citizens will be deported for talking bad about the government  Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions o In opposition of Alien and Sedition Acts o Jefferson and Madison  States have a duty to oppose government doctrines that are  unconstitutional  Nullification Crisis o Andrew Jackson wants to pass a tariff  Would cause economic problems in South Carolina and the South o John C Calhoun  States have authority to nullify laws they think are unconstitutional o Andrew Jackson opposes this, threatens military action  McCullough v Maryland (1812) o Maryland wants to tax national bank o Supreme Court did not allow this  Gibbons v Ogden (1824) o Interstate commerce (NY/NJ steamboats) o Conflict between stats o US has control over interstate commerce o 100 years of commerce clause defined by this ruling September 15, 2016  1930s New Deal  Wichard v Filburn (1943) o Go from layer cake federalism (dual federalism) to marble cake federalism  (cooperative federalism) o Switch in time to save nine o Farmer had surplus wheat that he used for himself  Violation of FDR’s Agricultural Bill o Wheat never crossed state lines  But government argued that this surplus wheat could have a cumulative  effect on the economy  Entire economy would eventually be affected  Dual Federalism o Very clear who has what powers  Cooperative Federalism o Powers are mixed  Heart of Atlanta Motel v US (1964) o Refuses to allow blacks to stay at motel o Violation of Civil Rights Act  Passed under the commerce clause o Government argued that hotel businesses ­ economy overall ­ was affected by  this segregation o Important question comes from this case, what is the limit to the interstate  commerce clause?   New Federalism o Push back against interstate commerce clause o Court case in the 90s ­ changed federalism o Supreme court justice ­ commerce clause has been misinterpreted since Wichard v Filburn  Block grants o State government can use federal funding for whatever they want o States gain more leeway o Welfare reform  Starts with Bill Clinton (states: “Era of big government is over”)  Obama opposes this statement  Doesn’t like block grants  Unfunded Mandates o Medicaid  If states don’t expand medicaid (to include Obamacare) they won’t get  funding  Wouldn’t get more money to fund Obamacare  Struck down by Supreme Court o Americans with Disabilities Act  Impacts business and government buildings  Coercive Federalism o Federal government wanted drinking age to be extended to 21 y/o  Federal government to state government: increase the drinking age to 21  y/o or highway funding will be cut  Considered to be within constitutional right of national government  Selective Incorporation o State incorporation of Bill of Rights o Last one to be incorporated by states  2nd amendment ­ individuals can own guns


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