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SYG 1000 Ch. 6

by: Cristina Rodriguez

SYG 1000 Ch. 6 SYG 1000

Cristina Rodriguez

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SYG 1000 Ch. 6
Intro Sociology
Gina Lukasik
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Rodriguez on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 1000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Gina Lukasik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
 CHAPTER 6:                SOCIALIZATION I. SOCIALIZATION A. DEFINITION ­ How we learn to be human ­ It starts at birth and continues throughout our life ­ Successful socialization lets us fit into all kinds of groups B. PERSONALITY ­ If you don’t get to socialize you will not have the chance to form a “normal”  personality C. IMPORTANCE ­ Monkeys  ­ Feral Children *Isabelle (has a death and mute mom in Ohio 1930’s) (grandparent locks them  away in an attic and they aren’t found until Isabelle is 6 ½)  *Genie (in California in the 1970’s) (locked in the attic from 1 ½ ­ about 13, her  father beat her, she was tied down in a chair most of the time) (after years of  rehab the scientist only were able to help her develop to about the age of 3 ­ 4  years old) ­ A lot of feral kids start to masturbate when they are stressed II. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM AND SOCIALIZATION A. COOLEY 1. SELF­CONCEPT ­ Image of yourself as an entity separate from other people 2. LOOKING­GLASS SELF ­ Kids learn to judge themselves in terms of how they imaging other will react to  them (I am not what I think I am;  I am not what you think I am;  I am what I think you think I am.) 3. SIGNIFICANT OTHERS ­ People whose opinion of us matter to us the most B. MEAD 1. I AND ME ­ The self is composed of two separate parts ­ I = spontaneous, creative (ex. Bob pooped in the sand box spontaneously) ­ Me = socialization (ex. When bob told Ms. Bunny he had to go to the bathroom) 2. ROLE­TAKING ­ When you take on the view of another individual and then you respond to yourself from that imagined viewpoint a. IMITATION STAGE ­ Younger than 3 – copy behavior of a significant other without comprehending it b. PLAY STAGE ­ between 3­6 years old – children take on the role of an individual, one at a time c. GAME STAGE ­ Around 7­8 years old – children take on the role of several individuals, all at the  same time 3. GENERALIZED OTHER ­ Conceptions of the norms, values, and beliefs, of our community or society –  Conscience III. SOCIALIZATION AND THE LIFE COURSE A. TOTAL INSTITUTIONS ­ Places in which residents are separated from the rest of society  You are not free to come and go (Goffman) B. DESOCIALIZATION ­ You abandon your old way of life – give up old norms, values, attitudes, and  behaviors C. RESOCIALIZATION ­ Adopt a new way of life – adopt new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors D. ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION ­ The process of preparing yourself to learn new norms, values, attitudes, and  behaviors (ex. When people find out they are having a baby) IV. AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION ­ Things that significantly influence you (EX. Family, friends, media, etc.  V. STATUSES A. DEFINITION STATUS ­ A position that you occupy in the social structure (characteristic) B. ASCRIBED VS ACHIEVED STATUS ­ Ascribed = assigned at birth (EX. Race, sex, social characteristic/class, religion) ­ Achieved = you earn during your life time (EX. Education level, occupation,  social class, religion,  C. STATUS SET ­ All of the statues that you occupy (EX. Female, white, instructor, mother, wife,  daughter) D. MASTER STATUS ­ Most important statuses – influence most areas of your life VI. ROLES A. DEFINITION ROLE ­ Rights and obligations attached to statuses B. DRAMATURGY ­ Status = part you are playing ­ Roles = script (EX. Go to class, pay tuition, party) C. ROLE CONFICT VS ROLE STRAIN ­ Role conflict = stressed out because the roles of one status clash against the roles  of another status  ­ Role strain = when you are stressed out because the roles of a single status clash D. HANDLING CONFLICT AND STRAIN ­ Prioritizing tasks ­ Delegate roles


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