SYG 1000 Ch. 6
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Rodriguez on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 1000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Gina Lukasik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
CHAPTER 6: SOCIALIZATION I. SOCIALIZATION A. DEFINITION How we learn to be human It starts at birth and continues throughout our life Successful socialization lets us fit into all kinds of groups B. PERSONALITY If you don’t get to socialize you will not have the chance to form a “normal” personality C. IMPORTANCE Monkeys Feral Children *Isabelle (has a death and mute mom in Ohio 1930’s) (grandparent locks them away in an attic and they aren’t found until Isabelle is 6 ½) *Genie (in California in the 1970’s) (locked in the attic from 1 ½ about 13, her father beat her, she was tied down in a chair most of the time) (after years of rehab the scientist only were able to help her develop to about the age of 3 4 years old) A lot of feral kids start to masturbate when they are stressed II. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM AND SOCIALIZATION A. COOLEY 1. SELFCONCEPT Image of yourself as an entity separate from other people 2. LOOKINGGLASS SELF Kids learn to judge themselves in terms of how they imaging other will react to them (I am not what I think I am; I am not what you think I am; I am what I think you think I am.) 3. SIGNIFICANT OTHERS People whose opinion of us matter to us the most B. MEAD 1. I AND ME The self is composed of two separate parts I = spontaneous, creative (ex. Bob pooped in the sand box spontaneously) Me = socialization (ex. When bob told Ms. Bunny he had to go to the bathroom) 2. ROLETAKING When you take on the view of another individual and then you respond to yourself from that imagined viewpoint a. IMITATION STAGE Younger than 3 – copy behavior of a significant other without comprehending it b. PLAY STAGE between 36 years old – children take on the role of an individual, one at a time c. GAME STAGE Around 78 years old – children take on the role of several individuals, all at the same time 3. GENERALIZED OTHER Conceptions of the norms, values, and beliefs, of our community or society – Conscience III. SOCIALIZATION AND THE LIFE COURSE A. TOTAL INSTITUTIONS Places in which residents are separated from the rest of society You are not free to come and go (Goffman) B. DESOCIALIZATION You abandon your old way of life – give up old norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors C. RESOCIALIZATION Adopt a new way of life – adopt new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors D. ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION The process of preparing yourself to learn new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors (ex. When people find out they are having a baby) IV. AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION Things that significantly influence you (EX. Family, friends, media, etc. V. STATUSES A. DEFINITION STATUS A position that you occupy in the social structure (characteristic) B. ASCRIBED VS ACHIEVED STATUS Ascribed = assigned at birth (EX. Race, sex, social characteristic/class, religion) Achieved = you earn during your life time (EX. Education level, occupation, social class, religion, C. STATUS SET All of the statues that you occupy (EX. Female, white, instructor, mother, wife, daughter) D. MASTER STATUS Most important statuses – influence most areas of your life VI. ROLES A. DEFINITION ROLE Rights and obligations attached to statuses B. DRAMATURGY Status = part you are playing Roles = script (EX. Go to class, pay tuition, party) C. ROLE CONFICT VS ROLE STRAIN Role conflict = stressed out because the roles of one status clash against the roles of another status Role strain = when you are stressed out because the roles of a single status clash D. HANDLING CONFLICT AND STRAIN Prioritizing tasks Delegate roles
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