Hist-1301 Chapter 5 Notes
Hist-1301 Chapter 5 Notes HIST 1301
Austin Community College
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ema Notetaker on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1301 at Austin Community College taught by Dr. T. Thomas in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see U.S. History 1 in History at Austin Community College.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab Chapter 5: 1650-1750: A Century of Change Demographics o Demographic Growth and diversity Natural (births) 250,000 to 2 million o Immigration Push Factor – makes people want to leave their countries Pull factor – factors in America that makes people want to come to America. Involuntary immigration – exiles, slaves. Slavery i. Madam Efunroye Tinubu – one or the richest and most powerful slave traders. English Irish, Scotch-Irish, German i. Scotch-Irish – Greatest number ii. Ireland was rebellious so the crown moved people from loyal Scotland to Ireland to make Ireland more loyal. o Pennsylvania Dutch - Germans Deutsche = German When Germans arrived they said they were from Deutschland and English thought they meant they were Dutch. o Growth of Cities – 5 largest: Boston Newport Philadelphia New York Charleston o The “Middle Passage” – the sailing route across the middle atlantic that was the route the slave ships would go. o Slave ships – ships where slaves had hardly any room to move. 15% would die on the journey to Americas. o Slave Market – Slaves would be sold to the highest bidder. The more strong and the younger would be picked first and cost more o Stono Rebellion – 1739 Cato’s Rebellion – led about 20 slaves that escaped and killed any white people to escape. o Negro Act – 1740 Illegal to: iii. Move freely iv. Assemble in groups ____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab v. Raise food vi. Earn money vii. Learn to read English Politics & Economics o English Civil War(s) – 1642-1651 Monarchy “restored” to throne King Charles II – at the end of the civil war he won. o Centralize Authority and Exercise control Political control – forbid the legislatures in the colonies to meet. Economic control – adopts Mercantilism o Mercantilism – economic doctrine Goals for the British Empire i. Economically superior ii. Self-sufficient iii. National security iv. Benefit from its colonies o Restriction on colonial trade Navigation Acts (1651, 1660, 1663) i. Trade using English-made ships with English crews ii. “Enumerated goods” (rice, tobacco, fur, indigo, sugar, naval stores) Consequences for England i. Taxes, customs duties ii. Jobs (shipbuilding) iii. Trade surpluses Consequences for the American Colonies i. Commerce a major industry ii. Growth of port cities iii. Economic diversification iv. Economic “dependence” on England v. Colonial Resistance (smuggling) o Colonial resistance New England i. Massachusetts Assembly o England’s Response 1686 – Dominion of New England i. Assemblies Dissolved a. Combines the north colonies to make one big colony ii. Edmund Andros appointed governor o Glorious Revolution William and Mary i. 1689 – English Bill of Rights ____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab ii. Massachusetts government restored Foreign Affairs o England and France go to war. The French come down from Canada and try to take over the British colonies. o Indians help England and France. o New queen, Queen Anne starts war. French and Indian raiding New England. England wins control of Hudson Bay, new Finland, Nova Scotia, and big parts of Canada. o Colonists realize they need English protection and makes them much more loyal to England. Ideology – how you view your world and your place in the world. o Values o Priorities o People will act on what they believe. The “Enlightenmtht” – the age of reason o Early 18 century o Ideas encouraged people to study the world around them, to thin for themselves, and to experiment and not believe wheat grows because god makes it but because the rain and the soil. o Idea that god gave humans the ability to reason and that we should use that reason to eliminate tyranny and superstition. o Humanism – the emphasis is on the individual. And the individual has the ability to bring about change. o Embracing deism – still worship god but they don’t need the church to worship and the priests. o Leaders – Isaac Newton, John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin. The “Middle Ages” o 2 major authorities – the church and the monarchy o Sedition – treason o Monarchy was a tyranny. o Those who questioned church were murdered. The “Great Awakening” o Happened in the colonies. o As growth and expansion happens, the protestant minister worry that the younger population isn’t going to church and that the older population are embracing the deist ideas. o The priests start a religious revival o Leaders: Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield. o They build a church where the people are and instead of speaking on a stage, they get down off the stage and talk to people individually. ____ = Dates ____ = People ____ = Event ____ = Place ____ = Vocab o Pious – living a good and godly life. o Consequences: Church attendance increases. Many joined new churches and joined new denominations (a new group, Baptists, Lutherans, etc.) The denomination will grow and spread out. Empowerment of the individual. A great campaign to convert slaves and Indians to Christianity. Great emphasis on higher education and literacy. 1776 o Colonies declare independence “National Identity” o couldn’t call themselves just English or Irish or German because now there were all kinds of people in one country.
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