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Introduction into Government Notes

by: Tess Vergult

Introduction into Government Notes 1336

Marketplace > University of Houston > 1336 > Introduction into Government Notes
Tess Vergult

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About this Document

-What government's do -How policies are made
US and Texas Const/Politics
Dr. Contractor
Class Notes
Government, political, politicalscience
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tess Vergult on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1336 at University of Houston taught by Dr. Contractor in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Introduction to Government and Politics Two questions 1. How should we govern? 2. What should government do? ● Concepts- government, politics, and public policy ● Politics and government matter 1. Apathy 2. Political apathy isn’t restricted to youth, but a large gap has opened up between the young and the elderly on measures of political interest, knowledge and participation Why is their apathy? ● Lack of political information ● Lack of policy impact - post 9/11 ● Revolutionary expansion of TV channels and websites ● POLITICAL SYSTEM RESPONDS TO THE ACTIVE ELECTORATE NOT THE PASSIVE POPULATION Government A. Government 1. Government, politics and public policy are interrelated 2. The way government makes decisions about public policies is through politics 3. Government consists of those institutions that make authoritative public policies for society as a whole 4. Four key institutions make policy at the national level: Congress, President, the Courts and the federal administrative agencies (bureaucracy) B. What governments do 1. Regardless of how they assumed power, all governments have certain functions in common (national defense, provide public services, collect taxes) ● National defense ● Provide public service- schools, libraries, clean water/air ● Policing powers C. Politics 1. Politics determines whom we select as governmental leaders what what policies they pursue 2. Politics- “who gets The Policymaking System A. A policymaking system is a set of institutions and activities that link together government, politics, and public policy B. Political issues and linkage institutions 1. A political issue arises when people disagree about a problem or about a public policy choice 2. In a democratic society, parties, elections, interest groups, and the media are key linkage institutions between the preferences of citizens C. Public policy 1. Every decision that government makes is public policy 2. When people confront government officials with problems they expect them to solve, they are trying to influence the government’s policy agenda 3. Public policy includes all of the decisions and nondecisions of government 4. A government’s policy agenda changes regularly D. Policy impacts are the effects policy has on people and on society’s problems 1. Having a policy implies a goal 2. Translating people’s desires into public policy is crucial to the workings of democracy


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