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lecture notes

by: Max Geschwind

lecture notes CTCS 190

Max Geschwind


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Week 2 lecture notes for CTCS 190. Information will be on exam.
Introduction to Cinema
Dr. Drew Casper
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Max Geschwind on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CTCS 190 at University of Southern California taught by Dr. Drew Casper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cinema in Cinematic Arts at University of Southern California.

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Date Created: 09/27/16
Intro to Cinema, Prof. Drew Casper – notes 8-31-2016 Literary Design Script – gets the deal started Two scripts : original and adaptation Original- not based on anything else Three types of adaptation – 1. Free and loose, 2. Faithful, Six Degrees of Seperation 3. Strict, My Fair Lady on stage vs. in film Four elements of writer’s scipt 1. Characters 2. Dialogue 3. Action 4. Setting FOUR ITERACTIONS OF SCRIPT Director will typically annotate scipt once writer gives it to him/her. Called a tech script, director’s script. Text, film itself Published script – as it is exactly in film Writers scipt is spiringboard, guide, blueprint Should NOT associate with the writer with the author of the movie b/c of 1001 determinations such as director’s scipt etc. When wrtier turns in scipt, goes through development process where some are and some aren’t credited Writers write to certain genres, genre is a writer of a scipt. Writer comes from culture. All of the issues of the culture influences the writer’s script/work A strong director influences the writer of the movie Actor’s persona can influence how the writer writes the script. Writer can write a certain way according to who the actor is. Also, actor can control every aspect such as directing and writing too. Such as Woody Allen. An audience can determine film. If a test screening doesn’t go over well with audience, the filmmakers will change it. Such as Fatal Attraction where they changed the ending b/c of lackluster response from audience Stage respects the writer, not as much the film. No change would be made to stage production w/o consent of writer My Stepmother is an Alien (1988) – about child abuse The writer gives us the title, first structuring element of movie. Also gives us subject and theme. Title - Subject – what it is about Theme – idea toward the subject Life – series of things we do again and again. Very habitual, every day that we don’t pay attention Stories – how you remember and stimulate a memory as proof Stories are based on discrimination and selection Writer’s story starts as life When writer takes a story, they further stylize it into a structuring elelemnt that belongs to a media or artform that the writer is working with (ie movie, musical) to structure a plot Plot – history of events that transpire in a certain work Plot- there has to be a causality between events. There has to be a relationship between space and time. There then would be a sense of continuity. Organize these events (A,B,C) around a character (protagonist) who has a dream, hope, vision. You, as the audience, then trace whether the character reaches goal. You will see progression, regression until character’s final outcome on if she reaches goal. Climax- when you hit the major outcome on whether they met goal or not Antagonist- major roadblock for the protagonist’s goal. Could be one person, group of people, social institution, an event. Where the goal, vision is not realized. Has to be incarnated in a setting, specific time and place. Aristotle in The Poetics, came up with notion that if u have to, or want to, hold audience, you have to maintain and use a linear structure. He came up with notion because of him analyzing previous plays that he would attend. Industry not well educated. Says to take linear method and use it to make money. Lets color general framework with formula. Took various formuals and added them to general goal of a protagonist. Also, what do audience like? Love story, always colored the goal. Classic Linear, Aristitlliam, Structure. As we progressed a lot of people thought this vision was not realists and too idealistic. Episodic structure – film proceeds in terms of episodes. Such as Stanley Kubrick’s space odyssey. Contextual Structure- loose. DW Griffith’s 1916 film taking different. Jumbled up. Showing difference time periods non-chronologically. Such as Two for the Road. What is configuration/narrative of structure? Chronologically to non, subjective reality to non, did they tell two, three stories at a time. Subjective/objective. And WHY?o Narrative – arrangements used to unfold the plot. Writer gives character to the movie. Character revealed by what they say/do and what other characters say about them and to them. Camera angle, coloring, lighting design, editing, music, sound, age of an actor can all reveal character. Actions, reactions of a character can also reveal about a character. Setting – space and time. Temporal setting – time period (such as the 20s in Hollywood), duration of the plot (does it happen in 5 years, a day, 3 hours), season (spring, summer, autumn, winter) Writer will also give point of view. POV fits us into space and time of a movie. POV is ideologically. First person – from an “I” POV, subjective Third Person – refer to people by names, objective Omission – refer to things happening that character is not aware of, then go back to character Motif – that which recurs. Repeat phrases, images, editing, styles. To emphasize. Second time you see motif in movie, you recall the last motif. Allusion – reference to something else, to replicate emotion, create character backstory, expands, extends meaning


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