Week 5 Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 15-20, 2016 Culture. What is culture? A set of beliefs, traditions and practices; the sum total of social categories and concepts we embrace. Culture= Human-Nature. Culture= Man- Machine. Components of Culture. Symbols: anything that carries a particular meaning. Language: a system of symbol strung together to communicate thought. o Culture is shared because it is communicated though beliefs. Values: moral beliefs. o Individual achievements. o Science. o Equal opportunity. o Material comfort. o Activity and work. o Practicality and efficiency. o Progress. o Democracy and free enterprise. o Freedom. Norms: how values tell us to behave. o Norms may vary in different cultures. Taboos: the strongest norms. Mores: norms that most people believe are essential for the survival of their group/ society. Folkways: the least important norms. Categories of Culture. Who consumes culture? o Low (pop) culture- culture consumed by all classes. o High culture- culture consumed mainly by upper classes. What is involved? o Material culture- everything that is part of our constructed environment. Books. Fashion. Monuments. o Nonmaterial culture- encompasses values, beliefs, behaviors, and social norms. Based on Scopes. o Dominant culture- main culture in society. o Subculture- a group united by sets of concepts, values, traits and/ or behavioral patterns that distinguish it from others within the same culture as society. Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong September 15-20, 2016 o Counterculture- a people’s way of life that directly challenges or conflicts with the dominant culture. Subculture Subculture Dominant Culture Subculture Countercul ture Reactions to Culture. Culture shock- the feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes. Ways of viewing other culture. o Ethnocentrism- the belief that one’s own culture or group is superior to others, and the tendency of all others center from the perspective of one’s own. o Cultural relativism- take into the account the differences across cultures without passing judgement on or assigning value. “Body Rituals Among the Nacirema”. Nacirma= American (spelled backwards). Medicine Men/Women= Doctors. Shrine Room= Bathroom Shrine Box= Medicine cabinet. Magical Potions= Medicine. Mouth-rite Ritual= Brushing your teeth. Holy-mouth Man= Dentist. Notgnishaw= Washington (spelled backwards).