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Week 4 Thursday

by: Yessenia Figueroa

Week 4 Thursday psych 1100

Yessenia Figueroa

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About this Document

These notes are all about perception and consciousness
Introduction to Psychology
Andre Plate
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Yessenia Figueroa on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to psych 1100 at Ohio State University taught by Andre Plate in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Ohio State University.

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Date Created: 09/27/16
Depth Perception -monocular depth cues (perceived depth using one eye) -binocular depth cues (perceived depth using two eyes) Linear perception- convergence of seemingly parallel lines Texture/ shading- closer object will have detailed texture, helps gauge distance, helps show curved surface, gives dimension Occlusion- one object obscuring and blocking another Relative size- requires knowing size of objects Motion Parallax- closer object appear to move in the opposite direction of you and move fast, while things that are far away move more slowly Retinal disparity- image projected is different in each eye, this is how we use both to judge distance between two objects Babies have bad vision until 6 mos Old people have bad vision because of the iris losing elasticity and the lens yellows Astigmatism- surface of cornea is uneven Consciousness Consciousness- a state of awareness Self awareness- special understanding and recognition of being alive Evolving consciousness- William James argue that consciousness evolves as organisms become more complex Variations in alertness- allow organisms to store energy, repair our bodies and avoid danger Awareness of sensations- ability to respond to respond to danger by either fighting/ fleeing or gathering more information Self-awareness- heightens our abilities to choose good responses to threat and engage in self preservation Biology of Consciousness -the thalamus and cerebral cortex communication is vital for consciousness Reticular formation- raises and lowers states of consciousness Default mode network- network of brain regions that are active when the individual is not focused on the world (prepares for thought, self reflection, mind wandering) Sleep- normal state of consciousness involving less awareness of outside world Circadian rhythms- daily biology rhythm that determines sleep waking Biological clock- internal mechanism that provides a schedule for body functions Zeitgebers- external stimuli that help us identify time of day Maladaptation- health, personality, mood and interpersonal problems that result of bad sleeping cycle Sleeping cycle Seasonal depression- Major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern occurs during the winter Electroencephalogram- detects activity using small discs Beta waves- signals alertly Gamma waves- signals processing sensory input Alpha waves- signals relaxation


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