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The 5 Crisis of Nation- State Building

by: Savannah Mahalak

The 5 Crisis of Nation- State Building

Savannah Mahalak


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Global Issues class. Nation- State Building
Global Issues
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Mahalak on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 97 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Wednesday, September 28, y The Five Crisis of Nation­State Building Stage One: Identity Crisis ­ Previously linkages and forms of political identity must be destroyed or made  subordinate to the Nation­State ­ Nation­ State must become primary basis for political identification  Stage Two: Legitimacy Crisis ­ Sates must cultivate a basis for rule that people BELIEVE is RIGHT for society and  that the rules should  be obeyed (through consent or coercion) ­ Weber’s Concepts of Legitimacy (the basis upon which political rule is recognized by  the people) • Traditional (Yesteryear) • Charismatic (Gift of Grace) • Legal ­ Rational (Modern) Stage Three: Institutionalization Crisis ­ Institutionalization : the process of establishing (something, typically a practice or  activity) as a convention or norm in an organization or culture ­ Must expand new order beyond capital (undermine regionalism) and elites (expand   inclusion/ citizenship) ­ Key vehicles: Education (Socialization) and Law and Order (Sanctions) Stage Four: Participation Crisis ­ With improvement in socio ­ political status (increased education), people tend to  become more politicized ­ With increased access to resources, people want to lead better lives (increased  demands) 1 Wednesday, September 28, y ­ New demands must be met through representation of interests, co ­optation, or  elimination ­ Key is how to expand representation of new demands while maintaining order in  system  ­ E.g. Elite pacts, women, minorities, unions, military, etc Stage Five: Distribution Crisis ­ “Who gets what” … the key to politics ­ Once the masses become incorporated into a new political identity and follow the  rules of the political system, how are societal resources extricated and distributed? ­ Taxes and entitlements… ­ What we generally think of when we think of politics in a modern stable political  system ­ Identity Crisis ­ Legitimacy crisis ­ Institutionalization Crisis ­ Participation Crisis ­ Distribution Crisis ­ Crisis may and often do occur concurrently, particularly during transitions  What do States do? ­ Security • Self­ Preservation  • Law and Order • Defend against internal and external threats • Maintain Sovereignty  2


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