HSB 115 lecture 3 notes
HSB 115 lecture 3 notes HSB 115
University of Hartford
Popular in Western Civilization I
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayde on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSB 115 at University of Hartford taught by Zachary Pollack in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization I in History at University of Hartford.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
HSB 115 Lecture 3 University of Hartford Wester Civilizations I Building Blocks of Civilization • 11,000 BCE • climate change led to to managed food production • communities became more stable as individuals gained wealth • trade and more complex interaction began Neolithic Revolution • after old stone age • started producing own food • increases in water and climate • trade • started eating carbs • had domesticated animals • population increased more disease and death • • population exceeded food supply • lived in the “FERTILE CRESCENT” • it is surrounded by the Euphrates river and the Tigris river • downside of these rivers was that they were unpredictable they could randomly ﬂood at anytime • Emergence of Early Towns and Villages * Jericho - one of the oldest villages in the world • emerged as a seasonal settlement in 9000BC • people made the earliest forms of pottery • they used the pottery to store grains, wines and oils to preserve them Social Stratiﬁcation • class systems began • people started building “houses” ( fortiﬁcation) • starting to reach civilization Mesopotamia ( current Iraq) - Sumerians - ﬁrst urban society - climate of Mesopotamia • very hot • dry • windstorms • muddy • arid soil • not stone or timber • ﬂoods Fertile Crescent - called “the land in between the river” - between the *Tigris and *Euphrates rivers • land between rivers • wet soil • stretched from Nile river Uruk 4,300-2,900BCE - southern Mesopotamia - was the First City - Temples for worship developed called Ziggurats - population over 40,000 people - Different city-states - the center of Sumerian civilization - 4 city states 1. Ur 2. Lagash 3. Eridu 4. Kish • had similar beliefs, cultures, and language • each city considered themselves serving different gods • this created warfare and competitions
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