HSB 115 lecture 4 notes
HSB 115 lecture 4 notes HSB 115
University of Hartford
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayde on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSB 115 at University of Hartford taught by Zachary Pollack in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization I in History at University of Hartford.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
HSB 115 Lecture 4 University of Hartford Wester Civilizations I The Bronze Age - cultures were able able to make weapons by manufacturing bronze Sumerians • had slavery (not linked to race) irrigation system • • irrigation is the method in which plants are watered in regular intervals • main crops- barley, dates, sesame seeds • had a large population • developed a trade system • developed Cuneiform • Cuneiform - inscribed symbols on clay tablets writing -was done by priests and scribes -writing could bump up your social status - cuneiform was their writing - it had 3 types of symbols I. Pictograms - Pictures to show meaning II. Ideograms - Signs representing words or ideas III.Phonetics - signs representing sounds Epic of Gilgamesh - an ancient epic written in Mesopotamia over 4,000 years ago - ﬁrst known work of literature - main characters were Gilgamesh and Enkidu Akkadian Empire (2350 BCE) • northwest of Sumerians • Akkad- land name • spoke Akkadian language overthrew the Sumerians • • Sumerian language was only used for rituals • Akkadian was the mane language if Mesopotamia Sargon of Akkad - leader - defeated Sumerian - ruled 35 years - he dies and his grandson Narum-sin takes over - the empire crumbles when they are attacked Babylonian Empire leader = Hammurabi • • known for Hammurabi’s code - a system of laws • used writing as a weapon • wrote strict rules • class structure • wanted everyone to worship Marduk • Code of Hammurabi - 282 laws which people were to follow - if someone harmed a noble a higher punishment would be given - women had a number of rights - they could buy property and obtain divorces - his code was platform for more Assyrians • overthrew Babylonian empire • destroyed everything • then they were paranoid that they upset Marduk • so they built everything back • disposed babylonians
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