HSB 115 lecture 5 notes
HSB 115 lecture 5 notes HSB 115
University of Hartford
Popular in Western Civilization I
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayde on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSB 115 at University of Hartford taught by Zachary Pollack in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization I in History at University of Hartford.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
HSB 115 Lecture 5 Egypt Egypt • 3 major periods 1. Old Kingdom - 500 years 2. Middle kingdom - 350 years 3. New Kingdom - 500 years • Egyptians were polytheistic • they believed in mummification • did mummification so the soul would come back to the body • glory age was when hieroglyphics appeared but they weren't used until the middle age • this was because the Pharaohs word was law there was no need to write • “Book of the Dead” was a prayer for after death • Rosetta stone- a stone with hieroglyphics and greek on it • the rosetta stone was important because it was translated into greek so we could understand hieroglyphics • pyramids- tombs for royalty • peasants and slaves built pyramids because it was expected of them MA’AT- means peace harmony and truth • A rchitecture and Technology • architecture and technology shaped Egypt socially and politically • started building walls of 40 ft to keep out flood waters • this was built by Medes • in 27bc they tried building a stone wall to keep water out it failed • water canals were like highways to them • they were used to transport everything • Djoser was the first pharaoh god • his tomb was built from stone instead of mud bricks • Imhotep created the first step pyramid Phoenicians • current Lebanon • had independent city- states • sailors took over the mediterranean • they had merchants • trade was very important • used the north star for ship navigation • the Phoenicians are best known for our present day alphabet • their alphabet has 22 letters ours has 26 • other people adapted to this alphabet • greek and hebrew alphabet developed from the Phoenician’s Philistines • modern day Israel • city- states 1. Askelon 2. Gaza 3. Ashdod • hated hebrews • fought for land and territory with hebrews they weren't about art or culture at all • • narrow minded only cared about agriculture and trade • • didn't like hebrews because they had religion and a holy sanctuary Hebrews Saul-David-Solomon Saul is the leader • • he dies trying to defeat the philistines Davis the new leader defeats the philistines and takes Jerusalem • • Egypt fails and hebrews expand David dies his son Solomon takes the thrown • • Solomon - wisdom - built a holy temple - had the Ark of the covenant (a religious text) - he taxed his people while they built a temple - he over worked and oppressed his people - wanted to build the temple for remembrance of Saul, David and Solomon - wanted access to gold and copper so he sold his people • Yahweh- God in hebrew • hebrew people believed in one god but did not put down other religions • they believe in one god because one god saved them from Egypt and moses spoke to god
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