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Why Terrorism?

by: Savannah Mahalak

Why Terrorism?

Savannah Mahalak


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About this Document

Why do people choose to inflict terror?
International Studies
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Mahalak on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Georgia Southern University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Wednesday, September 28, y Why Terrorism? Why Individuals and Groups choose Terrorism? ­ Political violence as a fruit of injustice ­ Political violence as a strategic choice ­ Moral justifications of violence (Religious Terrorism) ­ Political + social + economic aspects of why people participate in political violence Political Violence as Fruit of Injustice ­ Sociological explanations of terrorism: two theories 1. Structural theory ­ weak institutions 2. Relative deprivation theory ­ group’s expectations are repressed • Irish Catholics in Northern Ireland • Palestinians in Israel  Psychological Explanations of Terrorism ­ Individuals and anti­social feelings ­ Groups and the need to belong ­ “There is nosing personality type” ­ Stockholm Syndrome ­ prisoner: suffers from a psychological shift ­ Victim turns into a sympathizer Criminological Explanations 1 Differential Association Theory: criminality is learned behavior, acquired during  interacting with others 3. Anomie and Strain Theories: Lack of opportunity and inequality are responsible 1 Wednesday, September 28, y 4. Routine Activity Theory:  • Supply of motivate offenders  • Availability of attractive victims • Presence or absence of social guardians 4. Radical criminology: 1960s and 1970s society’s inequitable political and  socioeconomic make up Political Violence: Is it strategic? ­ The evolution of Marxist revolutionary strategy • People’s war and Chinese revolution • The justification to mobilize violently • Perception and cultural disconnect • Muslim perceptions of Western Cultures The Morality of Political Violence 1 Moral convictions of terrorists  2. Simplified definitions of good and evil  3. Seeking Utopia 4. Codes of Self­ Sacrifice * Are the Black Panthers a terrorist group? According to the definition, yes. 2


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