SYB 110 lecture 4 notes
SYB 110 lecture 4 notes SYB 110
University of Hartford
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayde on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYB 110 at University of Hartford taught by Renwick Griswold in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Social Science at University of Hartford.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
SYB 110 Lecture 4 Theories 1. Structural Functionalism (SF) 2. conflict 3. symbolic interaction 1. SF • an organic theory • look at society the same way you look at organs in a body • entropy- the tendency of all systems to run down • FREEP the systems that keep society going • keep society frustrating entropy • F= family R= religion • • E= education • E= economy • P= politics • one or more of these break down = dysfunction • these functions support each other • education supports the political system and economy by teaching democracy as the best possible political system • political system supports family it supports marriage because married people get tax breaks and married people are more likely to contribute to economy Latent function- hidden meaning 1. ex. we send kids to elementary school to get them out of the house it prepares them for an adult job 2. send to college to find a partner on the same education level Manifest function- up front meaning 1. ex. send kids to elementary school to learn the basics 2. send to college to get a degree for a good job 2. Conflict theory • unequal access • as long as some groups have unequal access to wealth, power and prestige there will be turmoil • as long as some groups get more and some groups get less there will be conflict 3. Symbolic Interaction people having reactions face to face daily • • group interaction- sharing symbols ex. shaking hands • • symbol- anything that can represent something else the making and using of symbols is one of the 3 major things that separate humans from all • other animals all reality is social construction • • ex. we see trees as money not as a scared object words form our reality • definition of the situation • for interaction to occur there must be agreement with the situation ex. learning because we can share symbols because we are in a class our situation • • the situation has to agree with symbols • to have order the situation must be defined to have interaction • once the situation is defined we have the presentation of self the presentation of self • paying attention in class • presenting ourselves as college students • key elements very situation has A. costume B. script C. blocking - where you move /how you move Dramaturgy • idea that states that our social movies are media • “All the world is a stage all the men and women players” • view social interaction as media A. Directors- professors B. Producers - pay for the production C. Front stage- inner thoughts back stage- inner thoughts and behaviors D. Macro Theories and micro theories • macro theories - look at the big picture • macro theories are conflict theory and structural functionalism • micro theories- focus on smaller things • symbolic interaction
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