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Anthropology 101 Notes

by: Alice Giem

Anthropology 101 Notes ANTY 101H - 02

Marketplace > University of Montana > ANTY 101H - 02 > Anthropology 101 Notes
Alice Giem
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These are the notes from the beginning of classes until now. Enjoy!
Anthro & the Human Experience
David Garrett Kerr (P)
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alice Giem on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTY 101H - 02 at University of Montana taught by David Garrett Kerr (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Anthropology 101 Chapter #1 1 Physical or biological 2 Forensics 4 Cultural Archaeology 3 Linguistics Ethnology 4 Sociocultural Culture­Bound Ethnography Participant observation Holistic Fact Hypothesis Theory Ethnohistory Ethics 1234, main four sections Potential test question Lewis and Clark­travelers rest­ other side of the road, latrine. Filled with mercury because  mercury was used for medicine on their journey. History and Prehistory About 5000 years ago. The beginning of the written record History­ 5000 years and forward Prehistory­ 5000 years and back Language is the vehicle in which culture is translated New words are being added all the time. And their definitions are changing with time, as people  use them. Avoid being culture­bound. That will impair your ability to view their culture unbiased. You will  judge that culture because that is different than yours and it will not be worth it. Don’t judge  another culture because it’s not how you were raised. Ethnography­ a systematic description of another culture based on first hand observations Publish it. Participant observer­ a first hand observer. You participate in their culture while with them and  you don’t participate in your own culture. You are trying to become an insider in their home. First thing to do is try to learn their language. Live with them until you are as comfortable living like  them like you are living normally.  Cava root??? Holistic­  Fact­ observation that is verified by several observers who are qualified in that area Hypothesis­  Theory­  Ethnohistory­ a study of a culture of the recent past through oral histories or writings. Second­ hand information. Ethics­ who gave you the money to go study the people, owe those people because they gave  you the money to visit the people, TO THE PEOPLE YOU STUDIED.  Archeology Paleoanthropologist­studies fossil remains that may be part of human past Archeologist tend to work with artifacts. New compass to show where the artifact was in the  world and a scale is also necessary because it changes how things are seen. Fossils are any trace/remains of animals/humans from the past. Unaltered fossil­ hasnt really changes since the time of its encarseration Altered fossil­ nature changes the composition of the fossil. minerals/ other things bem part of  the fossil. September 13, 2016 *Remember to do the ACTION PERIOD There are many different options for where humans originated. Figi, don’t use left hand to eat food. September 15, 2016 Video Notes Poaching of elephants. Poachers will kill any elephant. Even the babies. Illegal ivory goes from Africa to china/asia. Demand for ivory has never been higher. GPS tracker into fake tusk to find a “king pin”. Tusks will start in ivory trade in Tanzania/Central African Republic. THE CRIME Park rangers are the front line of the ivory war. Goramba National Park, poachers killed 132 elephants, roughly 10 percent of the population in the park. Conflicts between poachers and park rangers happen all the time. And most of the time there are guns being fired. The poachers are cutting out the ivory with chainsaws. One particular elephant was killed with bullets in the top of the head. So they suspect that the poachers had helicopters. The first way the fake ivory was taken was north through a dense jungle. Toward terror. Toward a warlord/terrorist-Kony. Leader of the LRA(Lord’s Resistance Army). The maker of the fake ivory has an armed guard because of how dangerous the territory they’re going into is. Kony kidnaps children and uses them as child soldiers. Some people have left him and now fight with the African Union against Kony. Kony collects the ivory and then sells it to the Sudanese government. The gov then gives Kony weapons and the like. Made under a year ago. ****September 27, write a two-page paper about how you feel about the elephant poaching 10 extra points for paper September 20, 2016 Not everything is fossilized. Peat bogs are great places or things to be fossilized. Tar pits as well. Ocean, lake, river bottoms. Site for fossils is usually named after what the site contains Fossil locality is a place to find fossils Soil marks are differences in the soil that show how old generations of people survived and maybe farmed. Cultural resource inventory- Grid system Datum point- a fixed spot that everything is measured from Flotation tank- take some soil and let it settle through some water or other liquid. Stratified means layered. Technology- see the kind of tools that people used and how the progressed Dating techniques 1. Relative a. Stratigraphy-layers in the sediment b. Fluorine-amount of fluorine in bones, more fluorine=older, site- specific, different sites may have different amounts of fluorine c. Palynology-pollen grains in fossils, pollens are practically indestructible, all pollens are unique at microscopic level d. Comparative Vertebrate Paleontology- all vertebrates 2. Absolute a. Radiocarbon (C-14)-can measure to 50,000 years (works on organic material) b. Dendrochronology- dating of trees with tree rings c. Potassium Argon (K-Ar)- used on stones/rocks, needs volcanic eruption, K decays in to Ar, the eruptions pushed all of the Ar in the rocks out. d. Amino Acid Racemization-40-180 thousand years ago -accuracy e. Electron Spin Resonance-measures trapped electrons in organic substances, goes back roughly 200,000 years f. Taphonomy- not a dating technique and a process. Process may be done backwards September 22, 2016 Some test questions will give you a substance and then ask what kind of dating technique(s) you could use. Half-life- the amount of time it takes half of a radioactive substance to break down. (C-14’s half-life is 5,730 years. It breaks down into N-14) Primate order Genes Dna chromosome alleles Mitosis meiosis homozygous Heterozygous dominant recessive Hemoglobin phenotype genotype Sickle-cell anemia polygenetic inheritance Population gene pool Hardy-weinberg Evolution mutations Genetic drift September 27, 2016 Video notes In 1960, jane goodall set out to find and learn more about chimps. Chimps can mmake and use tools and have a complicated body language that mirrors humans very closely. Goodall studied them in Tanzania. She was chosen to study them because she had patience and loyalty. Jane spent most of her time alone. With only her mother and a cook for company when she wasn’t out studying the chimps. Chimps are nomadic, wandering in groups to find food. Chimps eat up to 7 hours a day. Most of their diet is fruit. After about 18 months, a small group allowed her to approach them. She got close enough to them that she eventually named them. Chimps started coming to her at her camp. Chimps eat meat only they themselves have killed. And will hunt in packs. Jane has now been studying the chimps for 56 years and has no plans of stopping. She now thinks of herself as an activist.


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