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Psych 571 Chap 1&2

by: Kireston Luptak

Psych 571 Chap 1&2 571-01

Marketplace > Pittsburg State University > PSYCH > 571-01 > Psych 571 Chap 1 2
Kireston Luptak

GPA 3.5

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About this Document

These notes are an overview of chapter 1 & 2
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kireston Luptak on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 571-01 at Pittsburg State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in PSYCH at Pittsburg State University.


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Date Created: 09/27/16
Chapter 1 & 2 • Determining abnormality o Unusualness, social deviance, faulty perception/interpretations of reality, significant personal/emotional distress, maladaptive/self-defeating behavior, dangerousness • Psychological disorder: pattern of abnormal behavior that is associated with states of emotional distress or with impaired behavior to function • Historical Perspectives o Demonological Model § Trephination: drilling holes in skull o Origins of Medical Model § “Ill Humor”: vital fluids o Medieval Times (4 -15 century) § Exorcism o Witchcraft (15 -17 century) § Malleus Maleficarum o Asylums § Bedlam o Reform Movement & Moral Therapy (18 -19 century) o Step backward (1850-1950) § Warehoused o Community Mental Health Movement (1960s) § Deinstitutionalization § Phenothiazines • Biological Perspective o Abnormal behavior results from organic/physiological factors o Genetics o Nervous system § Neurons: transmit messages throughout body § Soma: process info § Axons: send impulses § Dendrites: receive impulses § Axons meet dendrite @ synapse • Neurotransmitters carry info across gaps o Dopamine: influences movement/attention o Serotonin: regulate mood • Psychological Perspectives o Psychoanalytic (Freud) § Abnormal behavior results from unconscious • Involve sexual and aggressive urges § Structure of mind • Conscious: present awareness • Preconscious: not aware of but may be brought to consciousness • Unconscious: not aware of § Structure of personality • Id: pleasure principle (instant gratification) • Ego: reality principle (practical/possible) • Superego: ideal principle (moral/ values) o Defense Mechanisms: protect person from being overwhelmed by anxiety § Repression: exclude unwanted thoughts from consciousness (past) § Rationalization: find reasonable explanations for unacceptable behaviors § Regression: return to earlier stage of development § Denial: Does not acknowledge unpleasant event or accept reality (present) o Behaviorist (Watson, Bandura) § Abnormal behavior represents learning of inappropriate maladaptive behavior o Learning Models § Operant conditioning § Reinforcement vs punishment § Modeling § Learn by observation o Humanistic (Rogers, Maslow) § Abnormal behavior results from poor self-concept and lack of personal growth § Self-actualizing: reach full potential § Unconditional positive regard: everyone is worthy of love o Cognitive (Ellis, Beck) § Abnormal behavior results form inaccurate/biased beliefs § Cognitive distortions • Overgeneralization • Absolute thinking- black or white • Sociocultural Perspective o Abnormal behavior results from social/cultural factors (gender, ethnicity, class) • Biopsychosocial Perspective o Abnormal behavior results form multiple factors o Diathesis-Stress Model § Predisposition + Stressors=Disorder


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