Psych 571 Chap 14
Psych 571 Chap 14 571-01
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kireston Luptak on Tuesday September 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 571-01 at Pittsburg State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in PSYCH at Pittsburg State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/16
Chapter 14 Health, Stress & Trauma • Stress: pressure/demand placed upon an organism to adapt/adjust o Reactions: physical, psychological, behavioral o Vulnerability depends upon coping skills and social support • Physical reactions to stress o Tense muscles, headaches, nausea, loss of hair, cardiovascular disease • General Adaptation Scale (GAS) o Alarm reaction: mobilize body for defense § Fight or flight o Resistance: renew spent energy and repair damage o Exhaustion: heart rate, breathing decrease • Psychological reactions to stress o Anxiety, fear, anger, depression, frustration • Adjustment disorders o Maladaptive response to identifiable stressor(s) § Occurs within 3 months of onset of stressor § Doesn’t last > 6 months after stressor has ended o Distress is out of proportion to stressor and/or impairment in social/occupational functioning • Behavioral reactions to stress o Jumpy, interfere/help performance, quit jobs, move, drop-out, aggression, alcohol, drugs, suicide • Treatment for stress o Meditation, relaxation, nutrition/exercise • Trauma-Related Disorders o Involve actual/perceived threat to life/safety § Acute stress disorder: lasts 3 days-1 month § Posttraumatic stress disorder: lasts > 1 month o Major Features/Symptoms § Avoidance behavior: avoid cues § Re-experiencing the trauma: flashbacks/nightmares § Hypervigilance § Negative emotional states: anger, irritable, guilt § Impaired functioning: depression, alcohol use
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