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GEOG 1101 Daniella Aiello Week 6 Notes

by: Gabryella Sherman

GEOG 1101 Daniella Aiello Week 6 Notes GEOG 1101

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Culture & Race
Human Geography
Daniella Aiello
Class Notes
geography, Human, race, Culture
25 ?




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabryella Sherman on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Daniella Aiello in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Human Geography in Geography at University of Georgia.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
19 September 2016  o Space, place, and landscape  Human Geography  o Ongoing process  Gabryella Sherman  o Two­way relationship   What is culture?  between geography and  o Culture is the way that the  culture  space that people live in   Widespread  influences every aspect of  popularity of online  their life and also how people social networks  affect the space in which they designed to connect  live. It causes the  friends, family, co­ development of traditions and workers, and people  practices that can be adapted  with similar interests  from other cultures/peoples  o Cultural Geo: how space,  and altered/copied to fit their  place, and landscape shape  own needs.  culture at the same time that  o Culture: shared set of  culture shapes space, place,  meanings that are lived  and landscape   Changing traditions of how we  through the material and  symbolic practices of  study culture  everyday life  o Folk culture: traditional   Don Mitchell: No such thing as  practices of small groups,  culture  especially rural people with a o Argued that as a society,  simple lifestyle who are seen  culture cannot be defined as  to be homogenous in their  it has in the past due to its  belief systems and practices  every changing way   Amish in   Culture as a Geographical Process Pennsylvania  o Culture   Roma (Gypsies or   Shared set of meaning Travelers) in Europe   Always evolving  o Popular culture: practices and meaning systems produces by  Dynamic concept   Materials & symbolic large groups of people whose o Connection among people,  norms and tastes are often  places, and cultures to be  heterogeneous and change  emerging, always evolving  frequently, often in response  to commercial products  creations that can be altered  o Not tied to a place   Hip­hop  o Focus on place­based  o Cultural landscape: a  interactions between culture  characteristic and tangible  and global, political, and  outcome of the complex  interactions between a human economic forces  o Culture is changing,  group and a natural  something that can be  environment   Cultural Geography  Carl Sauer of the  the penetrating influence of  University of  US culture  California Berkley  was interested in  trying to understand  the material  Western Non­Western expressions of culture by focusing on their  Christianity Rural  Skyscrapers Underdeveloped manifestations in the  Cities Ritual/Traditions landscapes Colonization Hunting  o Cultural trait: a single aspect  of the complex of routine  Advanced Tech Holistic/Eastern  practices that constitute a  medicine  English  Non­democratic particular cultural group.  Western Europe &  Collective goals/  Tuarag men in  Niger>Blue Men of  North America Collectivism  the Sahara  Individualism  Mystic religion  American­Based  Monarchy  Culture  o Cultural Modern Medicine  Non­urbanized Developed  Edward Said (Syed)­Orientalism  complex: o Image of the orient is  combination of traits  constructed and creates the  characteristic of a particular  false idea that all “eastern”  group  cultures are similar to each   Culinary preferences,  other  foods associated with  o Study of the “orient” lead to  holidays or special  division between the East  events, and activities  (the orient­inferior) and west  such as toasts and  (the occident­superior)  drinks or prayers to  o Influenced many disciplines  celebrate those events o Western views East through  o Cultural system: a collection  lens of Orientalism  of interacting elements that  o Orientalism creates an image  taken together shape a  outside history that is placid  group’s collective identity and incorrect   “American culture”   Does this via the  o Cultural nationalism: an  following:  effort to protect regional and   Culture  national cultures from the   Art  homogenizing impacts of   Literature  globalization, especially from  Media  o Power and knowledge  o Representation and difference inseparable  21 September 2016   Not separate  Human Geography  categories Gabryella Sherman   Multitude of sexes  Gender is socially  o How we arrive at inequality is  constructed directly tied to representations of  o Gender Identity  difference and the relationship   Personal conception  of oneself as male or  between power and knowledge  production  female or often  o Western society produces  somewhere in  representations of other  between.  o Gender Expression places  o Who produces knowledge   Refers to the way in  about whom?  which we each   Orientalism and Islamophobia  manifest masculinity  o Causes us to classify societies or femininity. It is  usually an extension  in overarching ways  o Suggest a ‘standard’ or model of our gender identity. of comparison  o Biological Sex  Standard by which   Our anatomy as  female, male, or  everything else is  intersex. It includes  compared, a set of  steps (linear)  our internal and  o Provides criteria against  external sex organs,  which other societies are  chromosomes, and  hormones. Some  ‘ranked’ as ‘good’ or ‘bad’  people are intersex   Dr. Reza Aslan: Geography and  Culture  rather than male or  o Public scholar  female.  o Intersex   Categories of Difference—culture   A general term used  and identity  o Gender, sex, sexual  for a variety of  orientation, race, class, age,  conditions in which a  person is born with a  (dis)ability  reproductive or sexual  All of these categories anatomy that doesn’t  have corporeal  markers—things you  seem to fit the typical  express culturally on  definitions of female  or male.  your body  o Gender as Performed   Sex and Gender   Sexual identity,  o Sex and Gender   Infinite spectrum especially in relation  to society or culture.  o Gender performativity (Judith  Global Gender Gap  Butler)  o World’s work done by   What does it mean that gender is  women performative?   66%  o Performativeprocedures,  o World’s food produced by  series of effects; we act in  women  ways that consolidate our   50%  gender  o World’s income earned by  o Phenomenon that is being  women  produced all the time   10%  o No one is a gender from the  o World’s property owned by  start  women  o Gender is culturally formed   1%  but also a domain of agency  o National parliamentarians  and freedom  who are women  o Performed: how we   22% dress/walk  o Signatories to peace  o Performative: set of reiterated agreements who are women  actions that produce a series   <3%  of effectsbehavior reflects   Gender & Violence  this  o More women experience  o We learn at a very young age  intimate partner violence  how to perform and how to  (2010)  act our own gender   Female 85%   Shifts in societal perceptions of   Male 15% gender/sex o Women are more likely to be  o Transgender visibility  killed by an intimate partner  o Queer visibility   Female 34%   Patriarchal society   Male 2.5%  o Patriarchal: describes a   Gender & Space  general structure in which  o What gender might you be  men have power over women occupying if you were in one   social system  place over another.  o Society: sum of the  inventions, institutions, and  Sex: biological and physiological relationships created and  characteristics that differentiate males and reproduced by human beings  females at birth, based on bodily across particular places and  characteristics such as anatomy, times  chromosomes, and hormones. Sex as a o Patriarchal Society: consists category is meant to specify man and of male dominated power  woman.  structure throughout  Gender: a term that is meant to differentiate organized society and  biology from the social and cultural individual relationships  distinction between the sexes. Gender categories would more appropriately be masculine and feminine. 23 September 2016   The visible  Human Geography  characteristics of hair, Gabryella Sherman  skin, and bone  structure made race   Gender Performance: purposefully  into a category of  “acting out”—a chosen gender  difference that was  identity  and still is widely   Performativity: identity as the  accepted and often  effect of reiterated acting. How  spatially expressed  speech, action, gender expression   Racialization: practice of  constructs a reality  categorizing people according to race  “The Personal is Political” or of imposing a racial character or  o drawing connections between context  our personal experiences and   Blackophobia: fear of blacks by  the larger social structures in  whites  which they are embedded   White privilege: advantages that   Intersectionality: recognition of the  accrue to white people beyond what  ways that different forms of systems  is commonly experienced by people  of oppression, domination, or  of color  discrimination develop   White supremacy: the belief that  o Black feminists such as Bell  white people are superior to other  Hooks, Patricia Hill Collins,  races—sit at the heart of the racist  Audre Lorde  practices described here   Gendered violence on college   Blackophilia: adulation of blacks by campuses  whites  o Rape culture: ways in which  Ethnicity: hinges on shared cultural  society blames victims of  history  sexual assault and normalizes  Nationality: legal relationship with  male sexual assault  the state   Race: problematic classification of   Racial Formation  human beings based on skin color   Social Structure  and other physical characteristics   Cultural Representation  o Biologically speaking no  such thing as race exists  within the human species 


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