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Philosophy Logic106-03, Week 1 and 2

by: Ariana Notetaker

Philosophy Logic106-03, Week 1 and 2 PHIL106_03FA16

Ariana Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes contain a short introduction to the course and some basic vocabulary that is necessary for the rest of the course. Here, you will read about what logic is, what an argument is and a ...
Yoonhee Kang
Class Notes
philosophy, logic, claims, Lecture Notes, PHIL106-03, Logical Operators, Quantifiers, arguments, beginning, beginner




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariana Notetaker on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL106_03FA16 at Montclair State University taught by Yoonhee Kang in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Logic in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at Montclair State University.

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Date Created: 09/28/16
Philosophy—Logic 106-03 Week 1+2 (9-9-16—9-13-16) INTRODUCTION: Logic is the science of the correctness or incorrectness of reasoning or, more to the point, the study of the evaluation of arguments. The Structure of Arguments: Premises and Conclusion. “Relationship between evidence and the conclusion." Does the conclusion follow the premises? Course Plan: Basic Tools of Reasoning and applications Deductive reasoning and applications Inductive reasoning and applications _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Arguments have two parts, Premises and Conclusion. And must have a group of statements. Premises include claimed evidence which leads to a conclusion. Does the conclusion follow from the premises? Statement: A declarative sentence (or part of a sentence) that can be either true or false. A state of affairs. Operators: Connectives to premises and conclusions in a claim. Types of Operators w/symbols: -Logical operator: A complex claim (compound statement) is a sentence formed by joining two or more simple statements with a connective -Conjunction (and) ^, & -Disjunction (or) V -Conditional (if, then) → -Biconditional (if and only if) ⃡ -Negation (not) ~ Quantifiers: Indicates how many of there is of something in a claim. EX: All cats have claws. 3 basic quantifiers: -All -Some -None An argument is a collection of statements or propositions, some of which are intended to provided support or evidence in favor of the conclusion The Premises of an argument are those statements pr propositions in it that ware intended to provide support or evidence The conclusion of an argument is a statement or proposition for which the premises are intended to provide support. All premises does not guarantee a true conclusion Exclusive Or: Can choose one option or the other Inclusive Or: Only one option can be true


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