Chapter 5 - Monday September 26th
Chapter 5 - Monday September 26th PSYC - 11762 - 004
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis notetaker on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC - 11762 - 004 at Kent State University taught by Sharon M Sciartelli (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Chapter 5- Learning: Explanation, Prediction. Intervention What is learning? ↳Change in behavior (or knowledge) due to experience ↳Ability to profit from experience Vs. aturation (preprogrammed) 3 kinds of learning: ↳Each one is different and is important ↳We need all 3 ↳All 3 have significant research foundations Classical Conditioning: -Think automatic reaction - No control over - Associate stimuli that occur together - Reflexive, unintentional - Something new triggers an old response -Biological Operant Conditioning: -Think Voluntary -You do it to get a Reward/Punishment - Associate behavior with consequences -Based on experience of reward/punishment -Choice Observational Learning: -Learn by watching -Imitation, copy others -Choice Pavlov and Classical Conditioning: Ivan pavlov- (early 1900s) -Russian Psychologist -Discovered classical conditioning (accident) Classical Conditioning -Learn to make an old response to a new stimulus ( an association with it) Pavlov classical conditioning experiment Four Components of Classical Conditioning: Unconditioned means- Before training- occurs naturally- meaningful Conditioned means- Learned- trained Unconditioned stimulus (US) - Natural (meaningful) trigger- Didn’t have to learn to react to- (automatic cause) - Original cause of the response Unconditioned Response (UR) - Natural (automatic) effect - Biological or emotional in nature Conditioned Stimulus (CS) - Learned trigger (used to be natural) becomes associated with US the new cause Conditioned Response (CR) - Learned effect (actually +UR) - Same response but do now for new reason ✴CHEAT SHEET US- Original cause UR- Original effect CS- learned trigger (new cause) (Was natural) CR-Learned Bio\emotional effect Trick 1. Find the response- biological\emotional (happpend auto matically) 2. Not u know the CR and UR 3. Next find US (original automatic) 4. Now find CS (used to be natural) Example: You go to the dentist and start sweating when you hear the dril 1. Sweat 2. CR+UR Sweat 3. US-pain 4. CS-Sound Rules: Classical Conditioning Principles ● CS must come before US ● CS and the US must come very close together (within seconds) ● CS (NS) and US must be paired several times (Some exceptions)
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