Chapter 5 Learning intro to Psychology
Chapter 5 Learning intro to Psychology PSYC 101 008
Ivy Tech Community College
Popular in Introduction to Biological and Cognitive Psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmyn L Watkins on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 008 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by Terrance Kinnard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Learning, Chapter 5. September 27, 2016 Behavior School- John Watson, B.F. Skinner, and Ivan Pavlov Least concerned about feelings and mental processes Change behavior, change your actions Punisher- extinguishes behavior, timing is important Further removed, less effect Reinforced- encourage behavior, strengthen behavior Negative- turning in homework -Not putting on seatbelt and your car dings. Classical conditioning- define, designed to create new behavior Ivan Pavlov- studied digestion in dogs Dogs would salivate before they were given food He came upon this finding completely by accident Triggered by sound, lights etc. Conditioned stimulus naturally causes conditioned response Food Saliva Unconditioned stimulus + Conditioned stimulus = conditioned response Bell + Food = Salivate The bell becomes a conditioned stimulus which leads to conditioned response the salivation This passive learning is automatic First thing you need is an unconditional relationship Unconditional response- response to the unconditioned stimulus Next you find a neutral stimulus o Doesn’t elicit a response You present the stimulus with the unconditioned stimulus together After a while the body begins to link together the neutral stimulus with unconditioned stimulus Then acquisition happens Classical Conditioning in Humans John Watson with his baby Albert experiment We then watched a video called the little Albert experiment on YouTube Operant Conditioning- B.F. Skinner Changes or modifies existing behavior Not passive based on consequence The law of effect- Edward Thorndike Locked cats in a cage Behavior changes because of its consequence Reward strengthens behavior Unpleasant, the stimulus weakens behavior Instrumental learning B.F. Skinner- Operant conditioning Was more concerned with nurture rather than nature Used a skinner box The Skinner box let the rat push a lever to receive a pellet, but eventually the lever was electrocuted so he would be electrocuted if he reached for the pellet but that was the only way he could receive food. Reinforcer- Increases behavior Positive- addition Negative- Removal Punishment- meant to decrease behavior Positive- addition Negative- removal, taking something away because of bad grades Shaping- is reinforcing small steps on the way to the desired behavior Primary reinforcers- Things that are in themselves rewarding Food, water Secondary Reinforcers- Things that we learned have value Money, praise Generalized reinforcer- can be traded for just about anything Only have the value we give it.