Composition 1 - Week 6
Composition 1 - Week 6 Eng 105
Popular in English Composition 1
verified elite notetaker
Popular in ENGLISH (ENG)
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mallorie Jones on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Eng 105 at Northwest Iowa Community College taught by Patrick R. Johnson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see English Composition 1 in ENGLISH (ENG) at Northwest Iowa Community College.
Reviews for Composition 1 - Week 6
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/28/16
Chapter 40 Word Choice Appropriateness → Choose best tone and level of formality that best fits your paper ● Formal language used by people who are considering topics seriously ● Informal resembles ordinary conservation → choose common words instead of Jargons ● *specialized vocab for certain fields of study → Use euphemisms sparingly ● *plain truths dressed attractively ○ “He passed away” vs “He died” → Avoid slang ● *Informal language more common in speech Exact Words → Choose words for connotation as well as denotation ● Denotation basic definition → dictionary ● Connotation - he shades of the meaning set apart from its synonyms → what the word suggests → Avoid cliches ● Be specific and don’t be so vague → Use idioms in their correct form ● Idioms phrases that have become standard yet defy logic BiasFree Language → Avoid terms that include or imply man → omit words that denote gender → avoid implied stereotypes → Use Ms. for a woman with no known title Wordiness → Conciseness takes more effort than wordiness → simplify the expression → don’t use 10 words when you could use 5 Chapter 41 Punctuation Commas → separate structural elements → indicate a pause ● Use with coordinating conjunctions to join 2 main clauses ● Use after introductory clause, phrase or word ● Use between items in a series → 3 or more items ○ Oxford Comma Rule: ■ Final comma in a list of items ■ Confusion can occur if you don’t use it ● Example: I love my parents, Taylor Swift and Tom Hiddleston. ● Use between coordinate adjectives but not between cumulative adjectives ○ Coordinate Adj. adjectives that function independently of each other while modifying the same noun ○ Cumulative adj. work together to create a single unified picture of the noun they modify ● Use to set off . . . ○ Nonrestrictive phrase or clause ■ Nonrestrictive modifier adds a fact that isn’t essential ■ Restrictive modifier essential ○ Nonrestrictive appositives ○ Conjunctive adverbs ○ Parenthetical expressions ○ A phrase or clause expressing content ○ An absolute phrase Parallel Structure ● Parallelism; emphasizes similarities or differences among items. → creating a series of words, phrases clauses or sentence with the same grammatical form → involves similar language choices ● Keep all elements in the same grammatical form ○ Linked by a coordinating or correlative conjunction ● Make the elements in a comparison parallel in form ● Repeat rather than mix leadin words ○ Use that, who, whom, when, where Chapter 8 Explaining Cause and Effects → Causes events that produced something to happen → Effects the result of several accompanying factors → some causes can be proven (factual) → other causes are speculation (“may” or “could”) Generating Ideas ● Find a topic → brainstorm important moments of your life ● List causes and effects → consider what major and minor causes and effects were ● Consider sources of support → what caused these causes? Planning, Drafting and Developing ● Start with a scratch outline and thesis → brief skeletal outline ● Organize to show causes and effects to our audience I. The situation II. It’s causes III. It’s effects → Not “here’s a cause, here’s an effect (repeat)” ● Introduce the situation → describe any background info deemed necessary ● Work in your evidence → turn outline into paragraphs Revising and Editing → Revision Checklist ? Have you shown our readers your purpose in presenting causes or effects? ? Is your explanation thoughtful, searching, and reasonable? ? Where might you need to reorganize or add transitions so your paper is easy for readers to follow? If you are tracing causes, ? Have you made it clear that you are explaining causes/ ? Do you need to add any significant causes? ? At what points might you need to add more evidence to convince readers that the causal relationships are valid not just guesses? ? Do you need to drop any remote causes you can’t begin to proe? Or any assertion make without proof? ? Have you oversimplified by assuming that only one small cause accounts for a large outcome or that one thing caused another just by preceding it? If you are determining effects, ? Have you made it clear that you're explaining effects? ? What possible effects have you left out? Are any of them worth adding? ? At what points might you need more evidence that the effects occurred? ? Could any effect have resulted not from the cause you describe but from some other cause? → Editing Checklist ? Have you used correct verb tense and forms throughout? When you describe events in the past, is it clear what happened first and what happened next? ? Have you avoided creating fragments when adding causes or effects? Have you avoided comma splices or fused sentence when integrating ideas? ? Do your transitions and other introductory elements have commas after them, if these are needed?
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'