early western world week 7
early western world week 7 History1213
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Canndace Loftin on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History1213 at Mississippi State University taught by Hayes in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Early western world in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Voc. Punic wars: rivalry in the mediterranean wars between two societies that saw themselves as differences, Rome V. Carthage Carthage: maritime city Phenicia: gave the greeks their alphabet Hannibal: Bought an army from carrthage, Cannae: 216 BC Carthage beat the romans became a model for future military tactics hannibal destroyed the entire roman army by surrounding them. Rome lost several armies Quintus fabius maximus: Roman general who provides another example of strategy, avoided hannibal as much as he could, his strategy was to let carthage tire themselves out Carthage was the other, army hired mercs. The citizens of carthage served in the navy. Rome expanded by land, Rome controlled italy ROME WIPED OUT CARTHAGE!!!!!!!!!! Carthage was a city state in north africa Carthage had its own agriculture Carthage was known for human sacrifice of the first born infants Romans that that human sacrifice was horrid This highlights how the Romans found the people of carthage horrid and awful Carthage was a sea power, rome was a land power The first punic war was between rome and carthage and focused on sicily ( 264241 BC) Rome wanted to expand so it bought Carthage and rome into conflict Rome had to build a navy Rome beat Carthage Led to rematch Second punic war(218202 BC) Allies of Carthage clashed with the allies of rome Carthage had war elephants Hannibal carried the army over the roman river and later took over italy Rome wins and forces carthage to accept roman rule Carthage had to be destroyed in the eyes of many romans Romans demanded that Carthage relocate inland This was the romans squishing carthage until carthage gave up Gap between 2nd and 3rd punic war Carthage was enslaved, Romans fought other wars, Rome expanded Rome becomes dominant in the mediterranean Roman republic showed it could mobilize men, and resources Rome conquest of greece had a cultural effect Introduces rome to culture and art 9/28 Voc Spartacus was involved in the most famous slave revolt, came from grace, trained to be a gladiator, led the slave army through italy, defeated a roman army, defeated in southern italy, his revolt showed the sustainability of slaves Tiberius gracchus & Gaius gracchus (Gracchi brothers) partritains, did two things, 1st tried to build a network of support, 2nd sought to abolish debt and redistribute land and limit the size of land holdings, both were assassinated Social war(9188 BC) roman allies in italy rebelled against rome , extended citizenship, Gaius Marius victor, fought successfully in the social war, rival of sulla, Lucius Cornelius Sulla did not want marius to command How great of a change was there in rome and what changed? Rome gained wealth but the citizens became poor. The commander of the armies benefited the most from conquest Property means land Land was the main source of income Land brought independence Not to own land made you dependent on someone else Many farmers that served in the army lost their land The small farmers that was the backbone of rome lost their land Ways to get slaves ● conquest When carthage was destroyed the people became enslaved ● One consequence was that there was no incentive to sub. Human workers with machines Many slaves were teachers, craftsmen, artists Creates a much more divided society
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