Chapter 7 Notes
Chapter 7 Notes PSYC 315
Christopher Newport University
Popular in Abnormal Psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Marshall on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 315 at Christopher Newport University taught by Dr. Lange in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychology at Christopher Newport University.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Chapter 7: Dissociative Disorders I) DepersonalizationDerealization Disorder Depersonalizationfeeling as though you are outside of your own body, feeling detached Derealizationfeeling as though you are detached from your surroundings Occasional experiences such as these are not uncommon To meet the criteria for this disorder, must be persistent, cause considerable distress, and impair functioning II) Dissociative Identity Disorder A person with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) develops two or more distinct subpersonalities, each with a unique set of memories, behaviors, thoughts, and emotions At any given time, one of these subpersonalities dominates the person’s functioning o Usually one of these subpersonalities appears more often than the others (primary or host) o The transition from one subpersonality to the next is usually sudden o Subpersonalities often display dramatically different characteristics including vital signs, and abilities and preferences Comorbid with acute or posttraumatic stress disorders Most cases are first diagnosed in late adolescence or early adulthood o Symptoms generally begin in childhood after episodes of abuse Prevalence is 3 times greater in women Many clinicians consider the disorder to be rare, but recent reports suggest that it may be more common than once thought Psychodynamic explanations for dissociative disorders o Psychodynamic theorists believe that dissociative disorders are caused by repression and fragmentation o Subpersonalities are the fragments that emerge to house the repressed knowledge Behavioral explanations for dissociative disorders o Dissociation is a response learned through operant conditioning Cognitive explanations for dissociative disorders o Statedependent learning If people learn something when they are in a particular state of mind, they are likely to remember it best when they are in the same condition It has been theorized that people who are prone to develop dissociative disorders have statetomemory links that are unusually rigid and narrow Treatment o People with DID do not typically recover without treatment o Developing a supportive therapeutic relationship o Psychoeducationhelp person to recognize the nature of the disorder o Some use hypnosis or video as a means of presenting the other subpersonalities o Recover and process missing and traumatic memories
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