Infancy/Childhood notes, and Adolesense and Adulthood Notes
Infancy/Childhood notes, and Adolesense and Adulthood Notes PSY 100-003
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chaison Poonpiset on Wednesday September 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100-003 at Colorado State University taught by Lauren Elizabeth Bates in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/28/16
Adolescence And Adulthood Physical Development: -Begins at Puberty -Your frontal lobes are still developing until about 25 -Unused neurons are “pruned” (clipping away the things that you no longer need) Cognitive Development -Start to develop reasoning power, frontal lobe is still developing (start using critical thinking and decision making more and more, the frontal lobes control this decision making and planning) -Development of morality- Khohlbergs levels of mental thinking: —> Preconventional Mortality: self- interest, obey rules to avoid punishment or gain concrete rewards —> Conventional Mortality: Uphold laws and rules to gain social approval or maintain social order —> Postconventional: Actions reflect belief in basic rights and self-defined ethical principals Social Development -Erikson;s stages of psychosocial development Stages: Issues Infancy Trust vs. mistrust Toddlerhood Autonomy vs shame and doubt Preschool Initiative vs. guilt Adolescence Identity vs Confusion Early adulthood Intimacy vs. isolation Adulthood Generativity vs. stagnation Old age Integrity vs. despair -Adolescence is all about forming an identity Social development -In western cultures, adolescents generally pull away from their parents in favor of their peers -Selection effect -Positive parent-teen relations and positive Adulthood Physical Development: -Physical health declines BUT is dependent on a persons health -Decline in fertility (Menapause, men testosterone decline) -Change in sensory abilities (not able to see or hear as well)( As older adults start to lose hair cells in the ear that help hear high frequencies) Immune system -Neurological Changes -Expectation are key( Go into it with positive attitude, it will be positive, negative attitude, will be negative) Cognitive Development: -Memory decline is selective—only certain things are harder to remember -Skill memory last(if ever) to decline -Crystalized intelligence( vs Fluid intelligence Crystalized: Facts from life, stories, Fluid: Decline, pattern analyzation Social development: -Love and intimacy are key issues of young adulthood -Marriage can be predictive of happiness and health -Keys to a happy marriage 5 good arguments-1 negative argument Not living together together before marriage -Growing older is just part of life -Most people assume happiness declines in later life =Most older adults tend to be more happy/positive than younger adults -Biopsychosocial approach to successful aging -death is just part of life -Greif varies from person to person Infancy And Childhood Physical Development: o Maximum number of neurons at birth. o Neural networks begin to grow, enrichment is good. o Frontal lobe is developing until adolescence and beyond. o Critical Periods. Babies generally follow the same sequence of motor development o Infantile amnesia: can’t remember stuff super early from childhood. Cognitive Development: o Cognition- all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating. o Jean Piaget: Stages of cognitive development. o Schemas: Interprets new information coming in, Assimilation, Accommodation o Example of Schema: If a baby was to have a schema of a puppy, then they would think all four legged animals a puppy (assimilation), or then the baby will accommodate and will learn the difference between the two. Birth-2 Years: Sensorimotor is when babies use senses to explore the world. o Babies lack object permanence until about 8 months, 2 years to 7 years: Preoperational is when they enjoy pretend play. o Egocentric: Troubles of thinking of someone else’s play. o Begin to develop theory of mind around age 4, thinking in terms of someone else. o Lack of concept of conservation. 7 years to 11 years: Concrete operational is when they begin to grasp conservation and math. 12 years old to adulthood: Formal Operation is when we are capable of abstract thinking. Social Development: o Attachment: emotional tie with another person. o Do babies become attached to their nourishment or comfort? Harlow’s monkeys, attachment is more about comfort. o Attachment differences. Mary Ainsworths: “Strange Situation” Secure attachment: is when the baby is very comfortable. Insecure attachment: They were less likely to explore, less comfortable, clinging to mom, cry a lot. Authoritarian: Very strict, obedience from the children Permissive: Submit to childs wishes, very few demands of child, low punishment. Authoritative: Both demanding and responsive, impose